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why do you get white hair at a young age

White hair is more noticeable in people with a darker hair color. Although white hair is characteristic of aging, colorless hair strands can appear at any age Б even while youБre still in high school or college. If youБre a teenager or in your 20s, you might find one or more strands of white hair. There could be ways to restore pigmentation, but it depends on the cause. Here are common causes of premature white hair. 1. Genetics
Your makeup plays a big role in when (or if) you develop white hair. If you notice white hair at an early age, itБs likely that your parents or grandparents also had graying or white hair at an early age. You canБt change genetics. But if you donБt like the way your gray hair looks, you can always color your hair. 2. Stress Everyone deals with stress from time to time. The consequences of chronic stress can include: Stress can also affect your hair. A found a connection between stress and a depletion of stem cells in the hair follicles of mice. So if youБve noticed a rise in your number of white strands, stress might be the culprit. This theory might also explain why some world leaders appear to age or gray faster while in office. 3. Autoimmune disease An autoimmune disease can also cause premature white hair. This is when the bodyБs immune system attacks its own cells. In the case of and, the immune system can attack hair and cause loss of pigment. 4. Thyroid disorder Hormonal changes caused by a thyroid problem Б such as or Б may also be responsible for premature white hair. The thyroid is a butterfly-shaped gland located at the base of your neck.

It helps control many bodily functions such as metabolism. The health of your thyroid can also influence the color of your hair. An overactive or underactive thyroid can cause your body to produce less melanin. 5. Vitamin B-12 deficiency White hair at an early age can also indicate a. This vitamin plays an important role in your body. It gives you energy, plus it contributes to healthy hair growth and hair color. A vitamin B-12 deficiency is associated with a condition called, which is when your body canБt absorb enough of this vitamin. Your body needs vitamin B-12 for healthy red blood cells, which carry oxygen to cells in your body, including hair cells. A deficiency can weaken hair cells and affect melanin production. 6. Smoking ThereБs also a link between premature white hair and smoking. One of 107 subjects found a connection between the Бonset of gray hair before the age of 30 and cigarette smoking. Б ItБs well-known that increases the risk for lung cancer and heart disease. The long-term effects, however, can go beyond the heart and lungs and affect hair. Smoking constricts blood vessels, which can reduce blood flow to hair follicles and cause hair loss. Additionally, toxins in cigarettes can damage parts of your body including your hair follicles, causing early white hair. Many people consider their hair -- and hair color -- one of their greatest beauty assets. So while losing your normal color, as hair turns gray, white or silver, is an expected part of aging, premature graying is not such a welcome change.

The most common cause of white, gray or silver hair is thought to be genetics, but sometimes this change is related to a medical issue that requires evaluation and treatment. Melanin gives hair its color, whether the hue is black, red, blonde, brown -- or any shade in between. This pigment, which is found in hair follicles, or the sheath of cells and tissue that surround the hair root, is an ingredient in the hair formation process. Over time, less melanin is available during hair growth, and this loss of pigment causes the hair to turn gray, silver and eventually white. Gray or silver hair is either caused by low levels of pigment, or is an illusion created by the mix of white and dark hair on the scalp. White hair is related to a complete loss of pigment. Premature graying is as loss of hair pigment that occurs before the age of 20 in Caucasians, before the age of 25 in Asians, and before the age of 30 in Africans, according to a June 2017 review in БPigment International. Б Although the underlying mechanisms are still not clearly defined, the most common explanation for the premature whitening or graying of hair is genetics. For example, your genes can lead to defects in the cells that produce melanin, or stop this melanin production at an early age. Certain autoimmune disorders can cause the hair to whiten, or may create the illusion of whitened hair. have determined the hair that regrows after the scalp is affected by, a condition which causes round patches of hair loss, can be depigmented, or white. , a form of alopecia areata that leads to total loss of hair on the scalp, can sometimes selectively affect pigmented hair -- leaving only the white hair in place. is another autoimmune disorder which causes the pigment-making cells to be destroyed.

While this condition often affects the skin, it can also lead to patches of white hair. Premature graying is less commonly linked to other medical conditions. According to an, thyroid disorders, early aging syndromes or medication side effects can cause loss of hair pigment. Deficiencies of vitamin B12, copper, as well as severe malnutrition have been linked to premature graying or loss of hair pigment, which may be reversible. also play a role in pigmentation of hair, and the role of these nutrients in early color loss is being investigated. is another potential cause of premature graying of hair. Stress has long been thought to be a cause of sudden or early hair whitening, but loss of color does not occur in existing hair strands. Severe stress is more likely to cause excessive shedding of hair, according to the. Premature graying or whitening of hair is usually blamed on genetics, and often is not related to a medical condition. Because white, silver and even gray hair colors are becoming more trendy and stylish, many people choose to embrace their hair color changes. However, coloring or dyeing your hair is an option is you aren't ready to go white or gray. If you are graying prematurely, and it doesn't run in your family, or if you have a sudden change in hair color or excessive hair loss, discuss your symptoms and concerns your doctor. Reviewed by Kay Peck, MPH RD

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