why do you get thirsty when you have diabetes
Early symptoms of diabetes, especially type 2 diabetes, can be subtle or seemingly harmless that is, if you even have symptoms at all. Over time, however, you may develop diabetes complications, even if you haven't had diabetes symptoms. In the United States alone, more than 8 million people have undiagnosed diabetes, according to the American Diabetes Association. But you don't need to become a statistic. Understanding possible diabetes symptoms can lead to early diagnosis and treatment and a lifetime of better health. If you're experiencing any of the following diabetes signs and symptoms, see your doctor. Excessive thirst (also called polydipsia) and increased urination (also known as polyuria) are classic diabetes symptoms. When you have diabetes, excess sugar (glucose) builds up in your blood. Your kidneys are forced to work overtime to filter and absorb the excess sugar. If your kidneys can't keep up, the excess sugar is excreted into your urine, dragging along fluids from your tissues. This triggers more frequent urination, which may leave you dehydrated. As you drink more fluids to quench your thirst, you'll urinate even more. You may feel fatigued. Many factors can contribute to this. They include dehydration from increased urination and your body's inability to function properly, since it's less able to use sugar for energy needs. Weight fluctuations also fall under the umbrella of possible diabetes signs and symptoms. When you lose sugar through frequent urination, you also lose calories. At the same time, diabetes may keep the sugar from your food from reaching your cells leading to constant hunger. The combined effect is potentially rapid weight loss, especially if you have type 1 diabetes. Diabetes symptoms sometimes involve your vision. High levels of blood sugar pull fluid from your tissues, including the lenses of your eyes. This affects your ability to focus. Left untreated, diabetes can cause new blood vessels to form in your retina the back part of your eye and damage established vessels.
For most people, these early changes do not cause vision problems. However, if these changes progress undetected, they can lead to vision loss and blindness. Doctors and people with diabetes have observed that infections seem more common if you have diabetes. Research in this area, however, has not proved whether this is entirely true, nor why. It may be that high levels of blood sugar impair your body's natural healing process and your ability to fight infections. For women, bladder and vaginal infections are especially common. Excess sugar in your blood can lead to nerve damage. You may notice tingling and loss of sensation in your hands and feet, as well as burning pain in your arms, hands, legs and feet. Red, swollen, tender gums
Diabetes may weaken your ability to fight germs, which increases the risk of infection in your gums and in the bones that hold your teeth in place. Your gums may pull away from your teeth, your teeth may become loose, or you may develop sores or pockets of pus in your gums especially if you have a gum infection before diabetes develops. If you notice any possible diabetes signs or symptoms, contact your doctor. The earlier the condition is diagnosed, the sooner treatment can begin. Diabetes is a serious condition. But with your active participation and the support of your health care team, you can manage diabetes while enjoying an active, healthy life. April 21, 2016 is defined as a chronic health condition in which blood sugar or blood glucose levels become high. There are 2 kinds of diabetes namely and. occurs as a result of insulin resistance, hereditary factors etc. Common symptoms of Diabetes are sudden and unexpected weight loss, blurred vision, increased appetite, numbness and tingling sensation in the feet and hands, fatigue, hard-to-heal sores and increased urination. Another very common symptom of diabetes is excessive thirst felt by the patients.
So why does high blood sugar cause increased thirst? Well, first and foremost it should be remembered that excessive thirst is not a favourable indicator of diabetes. For most people this symptom shows up very slowly, which makes it almost impossible to determine any marked increase in the thirst experienced by the individual. Sudden increase in thirst is also a common symptom for many other illnesses like, flu, allergies, other forms of fever, vomiting and diarrhea. So, although heightened thirst does occur in diabetes patients and needs to be treated too, its not always a very solid indicator of diabetes. Getting a blood sugar test done is the best way of getting diabetes diagnosed. Are you a high blood sugar patient? Do you feel unusually thirsty? Want to know why do you get so thirsty when you have diabetes? The following read tells all about excessive thirst in diabetes. Excessive thirst that appears as a symptom of another health condition is termed as Polydipsia. Polydipsia is one of the initial symptoms of diabetes and is generally accompanied by cotton mouth, i. e. increased dryness of the mouth. Although this symptom appears quite early in Type 1 or Type 2 diabetics, it is generally quite difficult to mark. This is because the thirst builds up very slowly and doesnt get noticed until other symptoms of diabetes present themselves too or until extreme dehydration is experienced by the individual. Under normal health conditions, when a person is optimally hydrated, almost all the glucose is extracted from their urine by their kidney and returned into the body. But the kidney loses its ability to absorb glucose from water when the glucose in the blood stream becomes hyper-concentrated, i. e. around 200mg/dL for most people. When this occurs, the osmotic pressure increases. Osmotic pressure is defined as the pressure, which is created between liquids with high and low concentration of solutes.
The osmotic pressure eventually becomes so high that water can no longer be pulled out and returned back into the blood stream and in fact gets absorbed outside the bloodstream. Thus, diabetics end up urinating more than normal and end up feeling thirstier. Although increased thirst seems like a small health issue, the underlying dehydration that triggers this thirst is considerably serious. If this diabetes related dehydration is not treated in time, side effects like, nausea, and fainting can be experienced by the patient. Dehydration can also lead to diabetic ketoacidosis or DKA in diabetes patients. DKA is a condition which causes naturally-occurring acids to accumulate in the body and lead to, organ failure, coma and even death. Further, severe dehydration can actually cause blood sugar levels to rise more rapidly than normal. This happens partially because the kidneys, in the presence of long lasting dehydration, slowly begin to produce less urine than usual and thus are unable to expel much of the excess glucose. A lesser known reason for the elevation in blood sugar levels is that dehydration triggers the body to release adrenaline and other hormones, which act as insulin blockers. For ones with Type 2 diabetes, the effect is as if their diabetes had suddenly kicked into over drive, and glucose stops being broken down almost completely. If prolonged symptoms of dehydration are experienced, one should immediately consult their doctor. If these symptoms are accompanied by shock, unconsciousness or severe impairment, then one should contact an emergency paramedic team right away. Even if an individual does not display symptoms of dehydration, drinking plenty of water is very essential for managing a healthy blood glucose level in the body and staying fit in general and especially for diabetics. A good understanding and acceptance of the symptoms of diabetes can help a diabetic manage their illness better.
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