why do you get nose bleeds for no reason
Nosebleeds are common, and while the cause may be unclear at first, most cases are minor and can be managed from home. Immediate causes of nosebleeds include trauma to the nose from an injury, deformities inside the nose, inflammation in the nose, or, in rare cases, intranasal tumors. Any of these conditions can cause the surface blood vessels in the nose to bleed. Sudden and inexplicable nosebleeds may seem scary, but typically they're not. To put you at ease in case you have one,бwe've put together a list of common culprits, as well as tips on how to treat a bleeding nose and when to seek medical care. 1. Underlying Health Conditions
Liver disease, kidney disease, chronic alcohol consumption, or another underlying health condition can lower your bloodБs ability to clot and therefore cause your nose to bleed. Heart conditions like and can also cause nosebleeds, as canб б Бб a sudden, rapid increase in blood pressure that may be accompanied by a severe headache, shortness of breath, and, according to the American Heart Association (AHA). Colds, and frequent nose-blowing can also irritate the lining of your nose, resulting in a nosebleed. 2. Dry Air Dry air from indoor heating or outdoor cold can dry the lining of the nose, causing it to crack and bleed. Using a humidifier while sleeping can help relieve dryness, and nasal sprays are helpful for moistening the nostrils. 3. Blood-Thinning Medications Anticoagulant (blood-thinning) medications, aspirin, andб б used to treat pain can all cause nosebleeds.
Because blood clotting is a necessary step in preventing or stopping a nosebleed, any medication that changes the bloodБs ability to clot can cause a bloody nose Б or make one harder to stop. Examples include anticoagulants like, the anti-platelet medication, over-the-counter drugs like aspirin, and prescription or over-the-counter. Many people with the heart condition, an irregular heartbeat, take anticoagulant medication to prevent blood clots from forming. And if you've had a heart attack, your doctor may have recommended a daily aspirin to help prevent a recurrence. Blood clots can lead to a or heart attack if they travel through the blood and reach the brain or heart, but the anticoagulant medications commonly used to prevent clots carry an increased risk of bleeding. 4. Nose Picking or Scratching Accidental injury to the blood vessels in the nostril from nose picking can cause a nosebleed. This is common in children, but also in adults who are prone to itching or scratching inside their noses. How to Stop a Bloody Nose at Home While sitting and leaning forward, use direct pressure to stop bleeding by for at least 10 minutes, breathing through your mouth. Alternatively, you can make a using tongue depressors and tape. If bleeding starts again, use a nasal decongestant spray (such as Afrin, Dristan, or Vicks Sinex) to constrict the blood vessels of your nose, and again apply direct pressure to stop bleeding.
To prevent another bloody nose, use saline and topical ointments to moisturize inside your nose, but only once bleeding has stopped. And avoid picking or scratching your nose. When to Get Help for Nosebleeds Although most nosebleeds can be treated at home, some are severe and require medical attention. , a cardiologist at Wake Heart and Vascular Associates in Raleigh, North Carolina, says БNosebleeds are rarely life-threatening. But under certain circumstances, such as if you're taking blood thinners like aspirin or warfarin, nosebleeds can be quite concerning and require medical care. Б In such cases, your healthcare provider may need to adjust the dose of blood-thinning medication, he says. Having more than one nosebleed a week is also a sign that you should talk to your doctor. БIf nosebleeds are recurrent Б whether or not you're on blood-thinning medications Б it's reasonable to seek help from your primary care physician,Б says Dr. Campbell. He adds that recurrent nosebleeds may point to other, more significant medical conditions. БYou should certainly seek medical attention in an emergency room if your nosebleed lasts longer than a few minutes, or if you're unable to stop the bleeding with direct manual pressure," Campbell says.
Most people who develop nose bleeding can handle the problem without the need of a treatment by a health-care professional if they follow the step-by-step Lean forward slightly with the head tilted forward. Leaning back or tilting the head back allows the blood to run back into the sinuses and throat, and can cause gagging or inhaling of blood. Spit out any blood that may collect in your mouth and throat. It may cause, or if swallowed. Gently, blow any out of your nose. The nosebleed may worsen slightly when you do this but this is expected. Pinch all the soft parts of the nose together between the thumb and index finger. Press firmly toward the face - compressing the pinched parts of the nose against the bones of the face. Breathe through your mouth as you do this. Hold the nose for at least five minutes. Repeat as necessary until the nose has stopped bleeding. Sit quietly, keeping the head higher than the level of the heart. Do not lay flat or put your head between your legs. Apply ice (wrapped in a towel) to nose and cheeks afterwards. Oxymetazoline (Afrin), (Neo-Synephrine, ), or phenylephrine-DM- (Duravent) nasal spray can be used short-term to help with congestion and minor bleeding if you do not have. However, these sprays should not be used for more than a few days at a time, as they can make congestion and nosebleeds worse. Stuffing cotton or tissue into your nose is not recommended.
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