why do women gain weight in menopause
As you get older, you might notice that maintaining your usual weight becomes more difficult. In fact, many women gain weight around the menopause transition. Menopause weight gain isn't inevitable, however. You can reverse course by paying attention to healthy-eating habits and leading an active lifestyle. What causes menopause weight gain? The hormonal changes of menopause might make you more likely to gain weight around your abdomen than around your hips and thighs. But, hormonal changes alone don't necessarily cause menopause weight gain. Instead, the weight gain is usually related to aging, as well as lifestyle and genetic factors. For example, muscle mass typically diminishes with age, while fat increases. Loss of muscle mass decreases the rate at which your body uses calories, which can make it more challenging to maintain a healthy weight. If you continue to eat as you always have and don't increase your physical activity, you're likely to gain weight. Genetic factors also might play a role in menopause weight gain. If your parents or other close relatives carry extra weight around the abdomen, you're likely to do the same.
Other factors, such as a lack of exercise, unhealthy eating and not enough sleep, might contribute to menopause weight gain. When people don't get enough sleep, they tend to snack more and consume more calories. How risky is weight gain after menopause? Menopause weight gain can have serious implications for your health. Excess weight increases the risk of heart disease, type 2 diabetes, breathing problems and various types of cancer, including breast, colon and endometrial cancer. What's the best way to prevent weight gain after menopause? There's no magic formula for preventing or reversing menopause weight gain. Simply stick to weight-control basics:
Move more. Aerobic activity can help you shed excess pounds and maintain a healthy weight. Strength training counts, too. As you gain muscle, your body burns calories more efficiently which makes it easier to control your weight. For most healthy adults, experts recommend moderate aerobic activity, such as brisk walking, for at least 150 minutes a week or vigorous aerobic activity, such as jogging, for at least 75 minutes a week.
In addition, strength training exercises are recommended at least twice a week. If you want to lose weight or meet specific fitness goals, you might need to exercise more. Eat less. To maintain your current weight let alone lose excess pounds you might need about 200 fewer calories a day during your 50s than you did during your 30s and 40s. To reduce calories without skimping on nutrition, pay attention to what you're eating and drinking. Choose more fruits, vegetables and whole grains, particularly those that are less processed and contain more fiber. Legumes, nuts, soy, meat, fish or chicken are healthy protein options. Replace butter, stick margarine and shortening with oils, such as olive or vegetable oil. Check your sweet habit. Added sugars account for nearly 300 calories a day in the average American diet. About half of these calories come from sugar-sweetened beverages, such as soft drinks, juices, energy drinks, flavored waters, and sweetened coffee tea. Other foods that contribute to excess dietary sugar include cookies, pies, cakes, doughnuts, ice cream and candy.
Limit alcohol. Alcoholic beverages add excess calories to your diet and increase the risk of gaining weight. Seek support. Surround yourself with friends and loved ones who support your efforts to eat a healthy diet and increase your physical activity. Better yet, team up and make the lifestyle changes together. Remember, successful weight loss at any stage of life requires permanent changes in diet and exercise habits. Commit to lifestyle changes and enjoy a healthier you. April 21, 2016 It s estimated that women gain 2в5 lbs (1в2 kgs), on average, during the perimenopausal transition ( ). However, some gain far more weight. Unfortunately, this appears to be particularly true for women who are already overweight or obese. Weight gain may also occur as part of aging, regardless of hormone changes. When researchers looked at weight and hormone changes in women aged 42в50 years over a 3-year period, there was no difference in average weight gain between those who continued to have normal cycles and those who entered menopause ( ). The (SWAN) is a large observational study that has followed middle-aged women throughout perimenopause.
During the study, women gained belly fat and lost muscle mass ( ). Another factor contributing to weight gain in perimenopause may be the increased appetite and calorie intake that occurs in response to hormonal changes. In one study, levels of the hunger hormone ghrelin were found to be significantly higher among perimenopausal women, compared to premenopausal and postmenopausal women ( ). The low estrogen levels in the late stages of menopause may also impair the function of and neuropeptide Y, hormones that control fullness and appetite (, ). Therefore, women in the late stages of perimenopause who have low estrogen levels may be driven to eat more calories and store fat. Progesterone s effects on weight during the menopausal transition haven t been studied as much. However, some researchers believe the combination of low estrogen and progesterone could further increase the risk of obesity ( ). Bottom Line: Fluctuations in estrogen, progesterone and other hormones can lead to increased appetite and fat gain during perimenopause.
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