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why do we need the food pyramid

The Food Pyramid is designed to make healthy eating easier. Healthy eating is about getting the correct amount of nutrients protein, fat, carbohydrates, vitamins and minerals you need to maintain good health. Foods that contain the same type of nutrients are grouped together on each of the shelves of the Food Pyramid. This gives you a choice of different foods from which to choose a healthy diet. Following the Food Pyramid as a guide will help you get the right balance of nutritious foods within your calorie range. Studies show that we take in too many calories from foods and drinks high in fat, sugar and salt, on the top shelf of the Food Pyramid. They provide very little of the essential vitamins and minerals your body needs. Limiting these is essential for healthy eating.

So in a nutshell, healthy eating involves:
plenty of a serving of some some a very small amount of and a very small amount or no If you eat a varied and balanced diet, then there is normally no need to take any food supplements you ll get everything you need from your food. The one exception to this is folic acid. All women of child-bearing age who could become pregnant should take a supplement of 400 g (micrograms) folic acid each day. If a woman does become pregnant, she should continue to take the supplement during the first twelve weeks of pregnancy. The Food Pyramid - poster - simple (PDF, 1. 5MB) The Food Pyramid - poster - tips (PDF, 1. 5MB) The Food Pyramid - poster - professional (PDF, 1. 5MB) The Food Pyramid - leaflet (PDF, 6MB) Food Pyramid is a visual tool that is used as a guide in designing a healthy diet.

It is developed as a guide to provide a framework for the types and amounts of food that can be eaten in combination to provide a healthy diet. Figure of Food Pyramid: Taken and adapted from National Institute of Nutrition ICMR. Dietary Guidelines for Indians - A Manual. ; 2011. Cereals,legumes/beans, dairy products at the base should be eaten in sufficient quantity; At the apex, highly processed foods that are high in sugar and fat are to be eaten sparingly. The Pyramid provides information on the food types and amounts necessary to meet daily dietary requirements. Each food group is represented by a band or level. Narrow bands at the apex indicate lower quantities, while wider bands at the base mean that more from that food group need to be consumed.

Most importantly, include plenty of water each day as itвs the most important nutrient of all, accounting for 70% of our body weight and also helping in the upkeep of our health. It is very important that an individual ensures getting appropriate foods and incorporates the principle of good nutrition such as variety, a balanced intake of nutrients and moderation. The best way to meet the daily requirements is to eat a varied diet that combines cereals, fruits and vegetables, meat, fish, poultry, legumes and dairy products. Eating a variety of foods daily as guided by the Food Pyramid should provide all the nutrients needed by the body.

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