why do we have laws and legal systems
What is a Law? DonБt run with scissors in your hand! DonБt drive your car on the sidewalk! Do not steal your neighborБs property! How many times a day does someone tell you what to do? How often do you have to stop yourself from doing what you want, because you know that this action is prohibited or wrong? In the United States, it seems like we have laws, rules, and regulations to oversee just about everything. We donБt always like these rules, since they often mean that someone is telling us what to do, or keeping us from doing what we want. Yet to live in a civil society, we must have some rules to follow. Who gets to make these rules? Where do they come from? What happens when we break them? These are the questions this page will seek to answer for you. aws are rules that bind all people living in a community. protect our general safety, and ensure our rights as citizens against abuses by other people, by organizations, and by the government itself. б We have laws to help provide for our general safety. б These exist at the local, state and national levels, and include things like:
We also have laws that protect our rights as citizens, and which include things like: Ultimately, the legal system in the UK upholds fairness in society.
Laws ensure victims of crime receive justice and criminals receive the relevant penalty for their wrong-doing. The end goal is to rehabilitate criminals so they are prepared to integrate back into mainstream society and to reduce the overall rate of reoffending, breaking the destructive cycle of crime. Different types of laws have been around for hundreds of years. When you see a judge or magistrate sitting in court, you are actually looking at the result of 1,000 years of legal evolution. The UKвs justice system is constantly changing to keep up with society, and despite its flaws, it is regarded as one of the best in the world.
Laws have changed massively over the years. Going to court in the 21 century may be a tough ordeal, but itвs far better than trial by ordeal, used until almost the end of the 12 century to determine guilt or innocence. The accused would be forced to pick up a red-hot bar of iron, or tied up and thrown into a lake, often used to try suspected witches. If innocent, he or she would sink. The seeds of the modern justice system were sown by Henry II (1154-1189), who set up a jury of 12 local knights to settle disputes over the ownership of land. Comparing this to the 40,000 plus judges employed around the country today just shows how far the law has evolved over the centuries. Although medieval and inhumane, the first records of a justice system demonstrate how there has always been a need to uphold a peaceful society and for people to clearly know right from wrong. century and society is the most civilised and fair it has ever been.
Women can vote, there is a fair judiciary system in place, human rights are protected giving people a good quality of life and so much more. These laws serve as a norm of conduct for citizens and act as a guidance of acceptable behaviour. Violate the law, and there will be consequences to fit the crime. We need the law to ensure equality and parity in communities. Many believe that a society without laws would be a society in a state of chaos. Without clear authority figures and punishments in place to deter people from, for example, stealing, anarchy would ensue. Any person could walk into your house and take your belongings with no consequence. Someone could take another individualвs life and nothing would happen. It definitely seems that living in a world with no laws certainly would not be a pleasant one.
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