why do we need two houses of parliament
The notion of having two houses in parliament admires its need. Appreciating more iвll say itвs the beauty of any democracy to have two house concept. Name could be different but the abstract idea is same. Talking in Indian framework,
Two houses are Lok Sabha and RajyaSabha, alternatively Lower house and Upper house respectively whereas in UK it is House of Commons and House of Lords. What was the Idea behind?
Party enjoying majority in one house may not be in majority in the other house like the present scenario is. It avoids monopoly by any single party whether it has the presence in whole country. It ensures stateвs direct participation in apex law making and executing body. It provides a powerful and formal stage for dissent. To keep a check between Federalism and Union structure in country like India.
To avoid any instance of political vacuum, dissolution of one house is restricted, in India it is Rajya Sabha. The House of Commons is also responsible for granting money to the government through approving Bills that raise taxes. Generally, the decisions made in one House have to be approved by the other. In this way the two-chamber system acts as a check and balance for both Houses.
The Commons is publicly elected. The party with the largest number of members in the Commons forms the government. Members of the Commons (MPs) debate the big political issues of the day and proposals for new laws. It is one of the key places where government ministers, like the Prime Minister and the Chancellor, and the principal figures of the main political parties, work. The Commons alone is responsible for making decisions on financial Bills, such as proposed new taxes.
The Lords can consider these Bills but cannot block or amend them. The House of Lords is the second chamber of the UK Parliament. It is independent from, and complements the work of, the elected House of Commons. The Lords shares the task of making and shaping laws and checking and challenging the work of the government.
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