why do we drink wine on shabbat
As a opposed to the nighttime Kiddush which is a Biblically mandated commandment, the daytime Kiddush was instituted by the Rabbis. For this reason, there isn t a uniform text that is used, and customs vary among different communities. Below you can find blessings used for Saturday morning Kiddush, with text in English and Hebrew. Some begin the daytime Kiddush with these verses from Isaiah (58:13 14). This is a common custom among Jews of Sefardic (Spanish, Middle Eastern, North African) descent. If you refrain from trampling the sabbath, from pursuing your affairs on My holy day. If you call the sabbath delight, God s holy day honored ; And if you honor it and go not your ways nor look to your affairs, nor strike bargains. Then you can delight in God. I will set you upon the heights of the earth, and let you enjoy the inheritance of your father Jacob, for the mouth of God has spoken. Others begin Kiddush with. The following section from is included by almost all communities across the board.
It appears in the midst of the story of building the Mishkan, or Tabernacle. For an in-depth explanation of the below passage and what it teaches us about Shabbat, check out
from Rabbi Fohrman. The Children of Israel shall keep the Shabbat, observing the sabbath for all generations as an eternal covenant. It shall be a sign for all time between Me and the Children of Israel. For in six days God made heaven and earth, and on the seventh day He rested. Some conclude with these verses from the Ten Commandments (Exodus 20:8-11). This is the common custom among Jews of Ashkenazi (European) descent. Remember the sabbath day and keep it holy. Six days you shall labor and do all your work, but the seventh day is a sabbath of the Lord your God: you shall not do any work you, your son or daughter, your male or female slave, or your cattle, or the stranger who is in your gates. For in six days God made heaven and earth, the sea, and all that is in them, and He rested on the seventh day; therefore God blessed the sabbath day and sanctified it.
Blessed are you God, our Lord, King of the Universe, who creates the fruit of the vine. Q My daughter, a freshman on a large college campus, was invited to the home of a local rabbi for Friday night dinner. The rabbi is nontrivial affiliated with Hillel or any synagogue, but has gotten deeply involved in college life and invites groups of students to his home nearly every week. The kids seem to really enjoy it. Last weekend I found out one reason. The liquid refreshment flows freely, and I m not just talking about Kiddush wine. On the one hand I m glad my kid is doing something Jewish, but serving liquor to minors scares me. My child tells me to chill, but I am thinking of reporting this to the authorities. Should I? A First, I would confront the rabbi directly. If the practice persists, then go to the police. Serving alcohol to underage students is a criminal offense. More to the point, it s dangerous, especially when those students then have to take an inebriated late night trek back to campus.
Recently, attention has been drawn to alleged Chabad involvement in this practice, on Shabbat and especially on Purim. But it is not exclusive to Chabad. In an obsessive desire to attract young Jews to their programs by appearing cool, organizations resort to the allure of drinking. Even when the practice is legal and the targets are all over 21, it s a cheap and self destructive path that subverts what might be an otherwise worthy goal. True, Judaism and alcohol go way back together, especially when it comes to the production and consumption of wine. The Talmud exemplifies a sort of love-hate relationship, with dueling aphorisms like Avoid wine, avoid sin (Berakhot 29a) and The Levites only sing when wine is poured (Berahhot 35b). The same rabbis who state plainly that one cannot experience true joy on festivals without wine (Pesachim 109a) also state that nothing brings lamentation to the human race like wine (Brachot 40a).
Add to this a widespread association of alcohol with spiritual highs, plus the connections to Jewish ritual, and one could see how rabbis might justify offering students a little sip from time to time. But there s a big difference between a little syrupy Kiddush wine and offering shots. The commandment to sanctify the Sabbath can just as easily be fulfilled with grape juice. Plus, Jewish law states clearly that Jewish law must comply with the law of the land. So tell your kid to let the rabbi know that he is disobeying Jewish law by serving alcohol to minors. The facts tell us that binge drinking is up on college campuses. More than 25,000 lives have been saved in the U. S. thanks to the 21 Minimum Drinking Age. There are better ways to attract Jewish youth to the beauties of our tradition than by lowering ourselves to the mentality of a Bud Light commercial. Given the dangers, it is time to blow the whistle on whetting the whistle of underage students.
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