why do we drank 4 cups of wine on passover
Wine is considered a royal drink, one that symbolizes freedom. It is the appropriate beverage for the nights when we celebrate our freedom from Egyptian bondage. Many reasons are given for drinking four cups of wine. Here are some of them:
When promising to deliver the Jews from Egyptian slavery, used four terms to describe the redemption ( -8): a) "I shall take you out. " b) "I shall rescue you. " c) "I shall redeem you. " d) "I shall bring you. " We were liberated from Pharaoh's four evil decrees: a) Slavery. b) The ordered murder of all male progeny by the Hebrew midwives. c) The drowning of all Hebrew boys in the Nile by Egyptian thugs. d) The decree ordering the to collect their own straw for use in their brick production.
The four cups symbolize our freedom from our four exiles: The Egyptian, Babylonian, and Greek exiles, and our current exile which we hope to be rid of very soon with the coming of. 's dream ( -13). According to the, these cups of wine alluded to the Israelites' liberation. , there are four forces of impurity (anti-divinity, or ).
On, when we celebrate our physical freedom, we also celebrate our liberation from these spiritual forces. Our physical departure from Egypt was a reflection of our spiritual oneБwe were pulled from the clutches of depravity and impurity and set on the path to receiving the and connecting with GБd. For some of the classic answers to this question, see and Allow me, however, to share an interesting idea I just came across in the Marcus Lehmann. (Rabbi Dr.
Marcus Lehman [1831-1890], rabbi and novelist, served as the rabbi of Meintz, Germany, and penned dozens of novels based on historical Jewish figures as well as contemporary stories. to read one of them. ) The numerical value of the Hebrew word for cup, ввв, is 86. According to out tradition, the worst and most backbreaking period of the Egyptian slavery lasted for 86 yearsБthe last 86 years they spent in Egypt. Now, the enslavement was supposed to last 430 years. As it is stated in : "It came to pass at the end of four hundred and thirty years, and it came to pass in that very day, that all the legions of went out of the land of Egypt. " GБd, however, in His mercy, began counting the 430 years from the time when He informed about the upcoming slavery, leaving us just 86 years of actual backbreaking work.
Thus our slavery was shortened by a total of 344 years. 86 x 4 = 344. For this reason, we drink four cups of wine, for the four times 86 years which we were spared from slavery.
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