why is domestic violence a social problem
What is domestic violence? Domestic violence occurs when a person uses physical violence, coercion, threats, intimidation, isolation, sexual abuse or
to control another partner in a relationship. Domestic violence can be a single act or a pattern of behavior in relationships, which encompass dating, marriage, family and roommate relationships. It is a violation of the we all have to healthy, supportive and safe relationships. Survivor: the individual who is being targeted for abuse. Abuser: the individual who is inflicting the abuse. On this website, the words "woman" and "she" are sometimes used to refer to survivors and "he" to refer to abusers. According to the Center for Disease Control, 85% of survivors are women assaulted by male partners. It is important to remember, however, that in the other 15% of cases, men assaulted by women or men and women in same-sex relationships may be the survivors. These men and women may face additional isolation and fear due to social attitudes toward gender roles and/or sexual orientation. Why is the issue of domestic violence important? Domestic violence is a serious social problem and a national health concern with significant negative impacts on individuals and our communities. It is a primary cause of injury to women in the United States. According to the National Institute of Justice, over one third (37%) of women admitted to an emergency room for violence-related injuries were abused by an intimate partner. Additionally, one in three women in the United States are physically abused by a partner at some point in their lives. The Center for Disease Control reports that approximately 1. 3 million women are physically abused each year in the United States. Just as the use of physical violence on the street is illegal, the use of physical violence in a relationship is an illegal act for which the abuser can be arrested and prosecuted.
Each domestic violence situation is different. Yet, all abusers use similar ways to get what they want and keep power and control. Batterers can be charming, sweet and apologetic one minute and abusive the next. The abused partner can be confused and kept off balance by these changes in the batterer s behavior. Sometimes survivors describe the abuser as having a Jekyll/Hyde personality. How does it happen? If violence or threat of violence has happened more than once or twice, it is extremely likely to happen again. The violence usually gets worse over time, increasing in both frequency and severity. It is common for the abuse to develop into a pattern or cycle of abuse. The honeymoon period follows. The batterer apologizes, asks forgiveness, and swears it will never happen again. He courts the partner. The survivor wants to believe the batterer will change and they make up Who is abused? All kinds of people: Domestic violence occurs among all ethnic groups and all cultures, among all ages, all income levels, all faiths and all education levels. For some people, their social, economic or cultural background may make it harder for them to get help. Lack of money, racial bias, language barriers, immigration status, anti-gay or lesbian beliefs, and religious beliefs can create barriers for survivors. Women and Men: Women are more likely to be abused, but men may also be survivors. Abuse can occur in both heterosexual and same sex relationships. Adolescents: Teens can be involved in abusive relationships and may also become victims of date rape. Between one third and one fourth of adolescent women have experienced a form of dating violence. The abuse is usually committed by a peer and can be as dangerous as abuse between adults. Children: In homes where one partner abuses the other partner, there is an increased risk that the batterer may also abuse the child.
Just witnessing domestic violence in the home can have harmful effects on children. Threats of kidnapping or harming children may impact the survivor s concentration at work. Who are the abusers? Just as victims of violence come from all parts of the population, those who abuse intimate partners can be any age, sex, race or educational level. Abusers can be rich or poor, employed or unemployed, and work in any occupation. Why do batterers abuse? Batterers use abuse to get or maintain control over their partners or ex-partners. Batterers use domestic violence because it works to get them what they want. What does domestic violence look like? Batterers use many ways to get or keep control of their partners. Some of those behaviors or acts are shown in the. Nearly 40 percent of Chinese women who are married or involved in a relationship experience physical or sexual violence, a report has found. The All-China Women's Federation report, released on Monday, said that domestic violence in China remains a severe problem. "Domestic violence is illegal and affects family members physically and psychologically. It is not a private issue but a social problem," said Tan Lin, head of the federation. Tan said the main victims of domestic violence are women, children and the elderly. The report said that women who experience domestic violence are more likely to have miscarriages or abortions and to suffer from depression. Many of them consider or attempt suicide. But the report said that most abused women don't seek help, with just 7 percent of those surveyed who have experienced domestic violence calling the police. The report said that child abuse is also a problem, with 33. 5 percent of the girls surveyed and 52. 9 percent of the boys saying they have been physically punished by their parents.
The report, released a day before International Day for the Elimination of Violence Against Women, urges the public to act to end domestic violence. Chen Mingxia, a professor at the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, said domestic violence has been a social problem in China for a long time. Alain Noudehou, a UN resident coordinator and United Nations Development Program resident representative in China, said domestic violence not only hurts family members, but also has a negative influence on communities and society. According to the World Health Organization, about 33 percent of women worldwide experience physical or sexual violence, and in some countries, the rate is as high as 70 percent. Noudehou said that such behavior can be prevented through various efforts, including setting up legal protection systems. So far, about 125 countries have enacted laws to prevent all forms of domestic violence. Tan said that after years of campaigning, China's anti-domestic violence law is on the legislative agenda of the National People's Congress Standing Committee. China's top court published in a guideline in 2008 that perpetrators of physical violence will be ordered out of their homes when courts find that the safety of victims cannot be guaranteed, even if the home is communal property. Jiang Yue'e, head of the women's federation's Department for Women's Rights and Interests, suggested that besides legislation, there is an urgent need for a joint approach to prevent and respond to domestic violence. This should involve health, public security and justice departments at all levels, Jiang said. The UN observes International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women on Nov 25 to raise awareness and trigger action to end violence against women and girls. wangqian@chinadaily. com. cn
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