why do we have different definitions of crime
Have you ever watched the television show Law and Order? In the popular show, the first portion relates to a crime that was committed. This part of the show focuses on the police and detective work involved in trying to solve the crime and gather evidence to prove their case against the perpetrator of the crime. The second part of the show pertains to the legal system and shows how criminal law applies to the facts. Thus, you will see criminal law in action as it plays out in the courtroom. This program offers a very good insight into the body of criminal law. Criminal law refers to a body of laws that apply to criminal acts. In instances where an individual fails to adhere to a particular criminal statute, he or she commits a criminal act by breaking the law. This body of laws is different from civil law, because criminal law penalties involve the forfeiture of one's rights and imprisonment. Conversely, civil laws relate to the resolution of legal controversies and involve money damages. There are various theories for why we have a criminal law system. Neither theory is exclusive or dispositive. The main theories for criminal law include: to deter crime, to reform the perpetrator, to provide retribution for the act, and to prevent further crimes. There is much discussion regarding these theories of criminal law and which policy is best promoted by the body of criminal law. There are two types of criminal laws: misdemeanors and felonies. A
misdemeanor is an offense that is considered a lower level criminal offense, such as minor assaults, traffic offenses, or petty thefts. Moreover, in most states, the penalty for the misdemeanor crime is typically one year or less. In contrast, felony crimes involve more serious offenses.
Some examples of felonies include murder, manslaughter, dealing drugs, rape, robbery, and arson. In virtually every state in the U. S. , felonies carry a penalty of one year or more, depending upon the particular nature of the offense and the jurisdiction where the felony crime was committed. In addition, every state has a different body of criminal laws which vary from state to state. There are also federal criminal law statutes which apply to every state in the U. S. All criminal law statutes contain two distinct parts. The first of these parts is the mens rea, which is the mental state that one must possess when committing a crime. For example, if one commits murder, it is necessary that the party committing the murder intended to engage in the act. This intention is the mens rea of the crime of murder. The other part of a criminal statute is the actus reus. This portion of the criminal statute refers to the action taken by the perpetrator. For instance, in a drug dealing case, in order to charge the perpetrator with the crime of drug dealing, the perpetrator must have actually sold the drugs. This is the action required for the criminal statute's actus reus to exist. All criminal law cases involve the alleged commission of a crime, and therefore, the charge, which includes an allegation that a criminal statute was broken. Some cases are determined by juries who listen to the case and determine the guilt or innocence of the party charged. Other cases are resolved by the use of a plea bargain. A plea bargain occurs where the defendant admits to the crime in exchange for a reduced sentence or some other benefit for the admission and cooperation. Let's take a look at some examples of famous criminal cases: It seems like no matter what day it is, there is always a news story bombarding you with some sort of crime.
From a terrorist act in another country to a robbery in your neck of the woods, there is always some type of crime happening somewhere in the world. These days, crime is something that you just cannot escape. Even celebrities can't seem to escape it. The media is quick to capitalize on any legal troubles the famous get into or any crimes committed against someone famous. Crime is a hot topic, especially when it involves a celebrity, but did you ever stop for a minute and ask yourself what is crime? Well, let's look at this question and examine the concept of crime. Crime consists of conduct that is in violation of federal, state or local laws. When a law is broken, there is a penalty imposed. The penalty can include a loss of one's freedom or even one's life. Without a law to indicate the particular prohibited behavior, there can be no crime. Therefore, even if an individual's behavior is so horrible that it is shocking, it will still not be considered criminal if there is no law making it a crime. Let's take a look deeper into what crime is and how it is defined through looking at some famous cases involving celebrities. Felonies are the most serious of crimes that one can commit. Felonies are punishable by one year or more imprisonment. In fact, there are some states which impose the death penalty for certain types of felony crimes. Felony crime includes personal crimes, such as murder, robbery and rape. Other types are crimes against property, including burglary or larceny. One well-known celebrity case that involved a felony charge was the murders of Nicole Brown Simpson and Ron Goldman.
Celebrity O. J. Simpson, the former husband of Nicole Brown Simpson, was charged with the murders of the two victims. After a lengthy public trial, O. J. Simpson was found not guilty of the felony murder charges. Misdemeanors are less serious crimes. These crimes are punishable by less than one year imprisonment. Examples of misdemeanors include assault, battery or writing bad checks. For instance, in 2011, actress Lindsay Lohan pled guilty to a misdemeanor charge for stealing a $2,500 necklace. Finally, violations are less serious than misdemeanors and include traffic violations or violations of town or city ordinances. Recently, actor Alec Baldwin received a ticket for riding his bicycle down the wrong side of the road in New York City. This is an example of a violation of a New York City ordinance. There are many different types of crime. One category of crime is crimes against individuals, often called personal crimes. The harm that is sustained due to a personal crime is always against a person. This category of crime includes: One celebrity crime that constitutes a personal crime was the 1980 murder of John Lennon. Lennon was shot four times in the back of his head by his assailant, and he died. Lennon's murder was a personal crime because the harm was aimed against Lennon as an individual, as opposed to his property. Another category of crime is property crimes, which are not directed specifically at individual people but aimed at property. With property crime, the property may be destroyed or the property may be defaced. Usually, people are not injured, but it is possible that individuals may be harmed, such as in arson. Crimes against property include:
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