why do we have a risk assessment in the workplace
Assessments should be done by a competent person or team of individuals who have a good working knowledge of the situation being studied. Include either on the team or as sources of information, the supervisors and workers who work with the process under review as these individuals are the most familiar with the operation. In general, to do an assessment, you should:
Identify hazards. Determine the likelihood of harm, such as an injury or illness occurring, and its severity. Consider normal operational situations as well as non-standard events such as maintenance, shutdowns, power outages, emergencies, extreme weather, etc. Review all available health and safety information about the hazard such as Safety Data Sheet (SDS), manufacturers literature, information from reputable organizations, results of testing, workplace inspection reports, records of workplace incidents (accidents), including information about the type and frequency of the occurrence, illnesses, injuries, near misses, etc. Understand the minimum legislated requirements for your jurisdiction. Identify actions necessary to eliminate the hazard, or control the risk using the hierarchy of risk control methods. Evaluate to confirm if the hazard has been eliminated or if the risk is appropriately controlled. Monitor to make sure the control continues to be effective. Keep any documents or records that may be necessary. Documentation may include detailing the process used to assess the risk, outlining any evaluations, or detailing how conclusions were made. When doing an assessment, also take into account: The methods and procedures used in the processing, use, handling or storage of the substance, etc.
The actual and the potential exposure of workers (e. g. , how many workers may be exposed, what that exposure is/will be, and how often they will be exposed). The measures and procedures necessary to control such exposure by means of engineering controls, work practices, and hygiene practices and facilities. The duration and frequency of the task (how long and how often a task is done). The location where the task is done. The machinery, tools, materials, etc. that are used in the operation and how they are used (e. g. , the physical state of a chemical, or lifting heavy loads for a distance). Any possible interactions with other activities in the area and if the task could affect others (e. g. , cleaners, visitors, etc. ). The lifecycle of the product, process or service (e. g. , design, construction, uses, decommissioning). The education and training the workers have received. How a person would react in a particular situation (e. g. , what would be the most common reaction by a person if the machine failed or malfunctioned). It is important to remember that the assessment must take into account not only the current state of the workplace but any potential situations as well. By determining the level of risk associated with the hazard, the employer, and the health and safety committee (where appropriate), can decide whether a control program is required and to what level. See a. БWhat is a risk assessment? Б This post aims to allow you to answer basic questions on risk assessments such as Бa definition of risk assessmentБ, Бwhy do risk assessments?
Б, Бwhen to do a risk assessment? Б and Бhow to do a risk assessment? Б. What is a risk assessment? The Б. a careful examination of what, in your work, could cause harm to people, so that you can weigh up whetherб you have taken enough precautions or should do more to prevent harm. Б A risk assessment is a vital element for health and safety management and its main objective is to determine the measures required to comply with statutory duty under the and associated regulations by reducing the level of incidents/accidents. Why do a risk assessment? A risk assessment will protect your workers and your business, as well as complying with law. As for when to do a risk assessment it should simply be conducted before you or any other employees conduct some work which presents a risk of injury or ill-health. A person from your organisation needs to attend as it will ensure that this person is competent within your organisation and will gain abilities such as hazard identification, ability to categorise and evaluate risk(s). These abilities will allow a Бsuitable and sufficientБ risk assessment to be conducted within your own organisation. б There are no fixed rules on how a risk assessment should be carried out, but there are a few general principles that should be followed. Five steps to risk assessment can be followed to ensure that your risk assessment is carried out correctly, these five steps are: Step 1: Identify the hazards In order to identify hazards you need to understand the difference between a БhazardБ and БriskБ.
A hazard is Бsomething with the potential to cause harmБ and a risk is Бthe likelihood of that potential harm being realisedБ. Hazards can be identified by using a number of different techniques such as walking round the workplace, or asking your employees. Step 2: Decide who might be harmed and how Once you have identified a number of hazards you need to understand who might be harmed and how, such as Бpeople working in the warehouseБ, or members of the public. Step 3: Evaluate the risks and decide on control measures After Бidentifying the hazardsБ and Бdeciding who might be harmed and howБ you are then required to protect the people from harm. The hazards can either be removed completely or the risks controlled so that the injury is unlikely. Step 4: Record your findings Your findings should be written down it s a legal requirement where there are 5 or more employees; and by recording the findings it shows that you have identified the hazards, decided who could be harmed and how, and also shows how you plan to eliminate the risks and hazards. Step 5: Review your assessment and update as and when necessary You should never forget that few workplaces stay the same and as a result this risk assessment should be reviewed and updated when required. I hope this post has given you more insight into risk assessments, б please feel free to discuss this information or post more specific information below.
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