why do we need ants in the world
Ants are among the planets most abundant insects. The total ant population is estimated at one quadrillion (1,000,000,000,000,000). One insect out of a thousand is an ant! Their numbers compensate for their small size. Their presence in nature and their actions towards the environment are essential to the well-being of the habitats in which they live. Efficient cleaners! Ants act as by feeding on organic waste, insects or other dead animals. They help keep the environment clean. Carpenter ants, which make their nests in dead or diseased wood, considerably accelerate the decomposition process of timber. After the ants leave, fungi and bacteria grow in the galleries and break down the lignin and cellulose on large surfaces. Ants are predators of other insects and their eggs. In their natural habitat, they are a source of food for many invertebrates and vertebrates, including woodpeckers and other insectivorous insects.
Bears attack the trees where carpenter ants live to eat ant larvae and pupae. By digging galleries and tunnels, ants help to aerate the soil. They till the soil by bringing pebbles and particles to the top. Like many other species of ants, carpenter ants are also efficient workers.
For 50 million years they've been working the land and harvesting this special fungus. The ants are covered in a unique bacteria designed to protect the fungus, and they produce from special glands, so, without the ants, this fungus could not survive. Leafcutter ants actively fight off parasites and diseases that might harm their crops with toxins they engineer on their own bodies. They're not just farming, they've made their own natural pesticides. They're so impressive that biologists are currently studying the leafcutter ant so that we advanced, tool-using, large-brained mammals can better.
Expect hipsters waving trees above their heads at the next John Mayer concert. In the Amazon, you might stumble across a very well-manicured patch of land that is completely clear, save a few trees known as D. hirsute trees (or "lemon ant trees"). Nothing else survives there. Local legend says that these bizarrely maintained clearings are home to an evil dwarf spirit called the Chuyachaqui. They call these patches ". " And they're half right. Dwarfs don't live in devil's gardens, but something evil does: lemon ants. Friends tell us they actually taste of lemon. We don't speak anymore. Every devil's garden is owned by lemon ants. The lemon ant trees are allowed to stay because their hollow stems provide good nest sites for the ants.
A queen will make a home out of a tree, and eventually more lemon ant trees will grow as the colony expands. All other plant life, however, must go. These ants will inject formic acid into the leaves of any tree or weed they feel is too close to home, and the tree or weed will die. That's how the ants keep the area so well-landscaped: They're killing all of the trees. Which is bad, because now you can clearly see what wants to murder you. This is the only recorded instance of animals using herbicides to kill plants. Researchers found that trees attacked this way would begin to die within the first 24 hours. One colony was found to have 3 million workers, 15,000 queens and a whole grove of trees, and it was estimated to be. A single colony has occupied the same real estate for nearly a millennium. That's older than most man-made cities.
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