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why is delhi the capital of india

Once there was nothing here. Now look how minarets camouflage the sunset. Do you hear the call to prayer? till I reach the first brick they brought here. How the prayers rose, brick by brick? Delhi, the capital of India has a strong historical background. It was ruled by some of the most powerful emperors in Indian history. The history of the city is as old as the epic Mahabharata. The town was known as Indraprastha, where Pandavas used to live. In due course eight more cities came alive adjacent to Indraprastha: Lal Kot, Siri, Dinpanah, Quila Rai Pithora, Ferozabad, Jahanpanah, Tughlakabad and Shahjahanabad. Delhi has been a witness to the political turmoil for over five centuries. It was ruled by the Mughals in succession to Khiljis and Tughlaqs. In 1192 the legions of the Afghan warrior Muhammad of Ghori captured the Rajput town, and the Delhi Sultanate was established (1206). The invasion of Delhi by Timur in 1398 put an end to the sultanate; the Lodis, last of the Delhi sultans, gave way to Babur, who, after the battle of Panipat in 1526, founded the Mughal Empire.

The early Mughal emperors favoured Agra as their capital, and Delhi became their permanent seat only after Shah Jahan built (1638) the walls of Old Delhi. From Hindu Kings to Muslim Sultans, the reins of the city kept shifting from one ruler to another. The soils of the city smell of blood, sacrifices and love for the nation. The old 'Havelis' and edifices from the past stand silent but their silence also speaks volumes for their owners and people who lived here centuries back. In the year 1803 AD, the city came under the British rule. In 1911, British shifted their capital from Calcutta to Delhi. It again became the center of all the governing activities. But, the city has the reputation of over throwing the occupants of its throne. It included the British and the current political parties that have had the honour of leading free India. After independence in 1947, New Delhi was officially declared as the Capital of India.
New Delhi: The Aam Aadmi Party in Delhi has been engaged in a constant power tussle with the Centre ever since it assumed charge.

The issue escalated on Wednesday in the Supreme Court, when the Delhi government raised a rather unusual argument: Has the Constitution of India or any law passed by Parliament declared Delhi as the National Capital of India? During the hearing of pleas on who has the power to govern Delhi, the Arvind Kejriwal government asked the Supreme Court. Senior advocate Indira Jaising was representing Delhi, while a bench constituted by Chief Justice Dipak Misra and Justices A K Sikri, A M Khanwilkar, D Y Chandradhud and Ashok Bhushan was hearing the case. Capital is not defined by any law. Tomorrow, the Centre can decide to move the capital to somewhere else. The Constitution also does not say the capital is to be Delhi. We know that the British moved the capital from Calcutta to Delhi, Jaising said. Though there is a National Capital Territory of Delhi Act, it does not constitute Delhi as the capital of India, Jaising said, while arguing for the executive power in specific areas.

However, the bench did not comment on this issue. Jaising argued that the Delhi government should have unhindered executive power in the field of social welfare subjects like women s welfare, employment, education, sanitation and healthcare. Everything boils down to day-to-day administration. How can the Centre say that you (Delhi government) cannot have the executive power? I can understand this position on legislative powers, Jaising said. The bench said, All states have to work in cooperation with the Centre. No legislation indicated the vertical division of executive power. Earlier, the Kejriwal government had accused the LG of making a mockery of democracy. The Delhi government said that Anil Baijal was either taking decisions of an elected government or substituting them without having any power.

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