why do we celebrate national hispanic heritage month

Hispanic Heritage MONTH was established by legislation sponsored by Rep. Edward R. Roybal (D-Los Angeles) first proclaimed President
in 1968. The commemorative week was expanded by legislation sponsored by Rep. Esteban E. Torres (D-Pico Rivera) and implemented by President in 1988 to cover a 30-day period (September 15 - October 15). It was enacted into law on August 17, 1988 on the approval of. September 15 was chosen as the starting point for the celebration because it is the anniversary of independence of five countries:, and.


All declared independence in 1821. In addition, and celebrate their independence days on September 16, September 18, and September 21, respectively. Hispanic Heritage Month (HHM) also celebrates the long and important presence of Hispanic and Latino Americans in North America. A map of late 18th-century North America shows this presence, from the small outpost of founded in Alta California in 1776, through the Spanish province of with its vaqueros (cowboys), to the fortress of the first colonial settlement in North America, founded in 1513, ninety-four years before the English landed in.


Each year, Americans observe National Hispanic Heritage Month from September 15 to October 15, by celebrating the histories, cultures and contributions of American citizens whose ancestors came from Spain, Mexico, the Caribbean and Central and South America. The observation started in 1968 as Hispanic Heritage Week under President Lyndon Johnson and was expanded by President Ronald Reagan in 1988 to cover a 30-day period starting on September 15 and ending on October 15.


It was enacted into law on August 17, 1988, on the approval of Public Law 100-402. The day of September 15 is significant because it is the anniversary of independence for Latin American countries Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras and Nicaragua. In addition, Mexico and Chile celebrate their independence days on September 16 and September18, respectively. Also, Columbus Day or Dцa de la Raza, which is October 12, falls within this 30 day period.


The Law Library of Congress has compiled guides to commemorative observations, including a comprehensive inventory of the related to Hispanic American Heritage Month. This Web portal is a collaborative project of the Library of Congress and the National Endowment for the Humanities, National Gallery of Art, National Park Service, Smithsonian Institution, United States Holocaust Memorial Museum and U. S. National Archives and Records Administration.

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why do we celebrate hispanic heritage month