why do we need to protect our forests
1. Forest provides the greatest amount of oxygen, so about 2 / 3 of oxygen consumed by humans, animals, microorganisms, industry, agriculture, is taken from the atmosphere,whereP it's supplied by trees and shrubs (vegetation). 2. Absorbs a significant amount of CO2 (greenhouse gas), helping reduce pollution and having a positive impact on the environment. 3. Set the ground, preventing landslides and erosion caused by rain or wind. 4. Filter water from rainfall,Pby it's flow through the layers of moss and dead leaves, providing a clear and clean water. 5. Greatly reduces the size of floods, when torrential rains are falling, retaining large quantities of water in the canopy and litter andP disposing it gradually. 6. Is an organic complex which houses many species of plants and animals, many of whichPbeing endangered, due to adaptation to specific conditions there. 7. It is a still little exploitedPsource of medicines and natural remedies. 8. It has an aesthetic impact, forest landscapesPbeing preferred to land occupied by crops or other human amenities. 9. It is considered a place of recreation, with therapeutic recognized effects. 10.
It is of great importancePfor education - scientific, both for us and for future generations.
Heading into at the United Nations climate change conference in Cancun, Mexico, two of The Nature ConservancyБs leading forest experts, and, sat down to brainstorm their list of Бtop 10 reasons why forests matterБ (in no particular order). Absorbing and storing carbon Because trees absorb carbon dioxide and turn it into wood, where the carbon stays bound up for hundreds or even thousands of years, living forests are an important part of the earthБs climate system. Growing trees soak up CO2 from the atmosphere and store it in their trunks, roots, leaves, and forest soils. Home to people and depend on them directly as sources of food, medicine and livelihoods. Source of jobs and livelihoods More than 1. 6 billion people around the world depend on forests to some extent for their livelihood, according to the. Some 60 million indigenous people are completely dependent on forests for all aspects of their survival. And about 10 million people are employed in forest management and conservation around the world.
Wood for furniture, lumber, firewood and other products, many local communities sustainably harvest mahogany and other wood, as well as chicle, which is used to make chewing gum. Panama hats are actually made from an understory palm from the coastal dry forests of Ecuador. In total, about 30 percent of the worldБs forests are used for production of wood and non-wood products (such as food, resins, medicines, etc. ). Habitat for mammals, birds, insects Forests are home to almost half of the worldБs species, with some of the richest biodiversity found in tropical forests. Insects and worms help cycle nutrients through the soil. Many rare and endangered species, such as orangutans, gorillas and pandas, depend on dense patches of isolated forest. Preventing flooding During times of heavy rainfall, lowland forests such as those in floodplains help to, preventing damage to soil, property and buildings. Lowland forests such as the blackwater swamps of the Southeast are also spectacularly beautiful habitat for a wide range of wildlife. Conserving soil and water Trees are an important part of the water cycle.
By helping slow runoff and allowing water to filter into the soil, they can preserve groundwater supplies that are important both to people as drinking water and to fish and other aquatic life in nearby streams. Trees also help hold soil in place, reducing erosion by both water and wind. Deforestation in plays a role in dust storms that afflict Beijing and other East Asian cities. has embarked on an ambitious reforestation effort in part to alleviate these problems. Regulating regional climate When trees are planted in cities, they can help to ease the Бheat islandБ effect and provide cooling shade for homes and buildings, reducing energy usage for air conditioning in the summer. When planted strategically, they can provide effective wind barriers. Large forests also play a role in weather and rainfall patterns and micro-climates. For example, creates conditions that result in regular precipitation for lands to the south that are productive agricultural areas and are thought to even enhance rainfall in the Great Plains of the. Natural beauty Trees and forests are sources of human inspiration and enjoyment Б even from afar.
Trees are a symbol of life, and in our modern times, of a movement to sustain the environment that all people depend upon. Polling by The Nature Conservancy shows that more than 90 percent of Americans report that trees give them a feeling of peace and tranquility. So we can put trail blazes on something The establishment of protected areas and parks often allow for development of trails for hiking, snow sports, and bird-watching, providing people who live outside of forests with a refuge for recreation, tourism, and educational activities. Walking in a forest can be a source of spiritual renewal for many (stillness broken by the whispering of pines, the call of an owl or the rustling of a small animal through brush and dried leaves). Do you have your own reasons why forests matter? Please tell us in the БcommentsБ section below. Frank Lowenstein is climate adaptation strategy leader at the Nature Conservancy (Image: Winter snow fall in the woods of the Saint John River watershed. Image Credit: By Amy Vitale. )
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