why do we celebrate labor day 2012
Labor Day is an annual holiday to celebrate the economic and social
contributions of workers to the strength, prosperity, and well-being of the
country. In the United States, Labor Day is a federal holiday observed on the
first Monday of September. In the United States, Labor Day is customarily viewed as the end of the summer
vacation season, although school starting times now may vary. Labor Day has its origins in the labor union movement, specifically the
eight-hour day movement, which advocated eight hours for work, eight hours for
recreation, and eight hours for rest. In the United States the first Labor Day
holiday was celebrated on Tuesday, September 5, 1882, in New York City. The idea
spread with the growth of labor organizations, and in 1885 Labor Day was
celebrated in many industrial centers of the country.
Oregon was the first
state to make it a holiday on February 21, 1887. By the time it became a federal
holiday in 1894, thirty states officially celebrated Labor Day. For many countries, Labor Day is linked with International Workers' Day, which
occurs on May 1. For other countries, Labor Day is celebrated on a different
date, often one with a particular significance significance for the labor
movement in that country.
Beginning in the late 19th century, as the and grew, different groups of trade unionists chose a variety of days on which to celebrate labor. In the United States, a September holiday called Labor Day was first proposed in the early 1880s.
Alternate stories of the event's origination exist. According to one early history of Labor Day, the event originated in connection with a General Assembly of the convened in New York City in September 1882. In connection with this clandestine Knights assembly, a public parade of various labor organizations was held on September 5 under the auspices of the (CLU) of New York. Secretary of the CLU is credited for first proposing that a national Labor Day holiday subsequently be held on the first Monday of each September in the aftermath of this successful public demonstration. An alternative thesis is maintained that the idea of Labor Day was the brainchild of, a Vice President of the, who put forward the initial proposal in the spring of 1882.
According to McGuire, on May 8, 1882, he made a proposition to the fledgling Central Labor Union in New York City that a day be set aside for a "general holiday for the laboring classes. " According to McGuire he further recommended that the event should begin with a street parade as a public demonstration of organized labor's solidarity and strength, with the march followed by a picnic, to which participating local unions could sell tickets as a fundraiser. According to McGuire he suggested the first Monday in September as an ideal date for such a public celebration, owing to optimum weather and the date's place on the calendar, sitting midway between the and public holidays.
Labor Day picnics and other public gatherings frequently featured speeches by prominent labor leaders. In 1909 the American Federation of Labor convention designated the Sunday preceding Labor Day as "Labor Sunday," to be dedicated to the spiritual and educational aspects of the Labor movement. This secondary date failed to gain significant traction in popular culture. In 1887 became the first state of the United States to make Labor Day an official. By the time it became an official in 1894, thirty officially celebrated Labor Day. All U. S. states, the, and the have subsequently made Labor Day a statutory holiday.
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