why do they test cosmetics on animals
Due to the strong public backlash against cosmetic testing on animals, most cosmetic manufacturers say their products are not tested on animals. However, they are still required by trading standards and
laws in most countries to show their products are not toxic and not dangerous to public health, and that the ingredients are not dangerous in large quantities, such as when in transport or in the manufacturing plant. In some countries, it is possible to meet these requirements without any further tests on animals. In other countries, it may require animal testing to meet legal requirements. The United States and Japan are frequently criticized for their insistence on stringent safety measures, which often requires animal testing. Some retailers distinguish themselves in the marketplace by their stance on animal testing. Although Japanese law doesnt require non-medicated cosmetics to be tested on animals, it doesnt prohibit it either, leaving the decision to individual companies. Animal testing is required mainly when the product contains newly-developed tar colors, ultraviolet ray protective ingredients or preservatives, and when the amount of any ingredient regulated in terms of how much can be added is increased. Japanese Brands such as Shiseido and Mandom have ended much, but not all, of their animal testing. However, most other leading cosmetics companies in Japan still test on animals. Brazil, So Paulo in Brazil, banned cosmetic animal testing in 2014.
The European Union (EU) followed suit, after it agreed to phase in a near-total ban on the sale of animal-tested cosmetics throughout the EU from 2009, and to ban cosmetics-related animal testing. Animal testing is regulated in. Imported cosmetics ingredients tested on animals were phased out for EU consumer markets in 2013 by the ban, but can still be sold to outside of the EU. Norway banned cosmetics animal testing the same time as the EU. In early 2014, India announced a ban on testing cosmetics on animals in the country, thereby becoming the second country in Asia to do so. Later India banned import of cosmetics tested on animals in November 2014. Israel banned "the import and marketing of cosmetics, toiletries or detergents that were tested on animals" in 2013. In 2015, New Zealand also banned animal testing. Turkey "banned any animal testing for cosmetic products that have already been introduced to the market. " Animal testing on cosmetics or their ingredients was banned in the UK in 1998. The (ASEAN) is potentially "making strides toward ending cosmetics testing on animals. " In Australia, the End Cruel Cosmetics Bill will be introduced to Parliament in March 2014, which would ban local testing, which generally doesn't happen there, and importation of cosmetics tested on animals. In 2016 a bill was passed to ban the sale of cosmetics tested on animals, which will come into effect in July 2017.
Brazil's legislation will vote on a nationwide animal testing for cosmetics ban by the end of March 2014. In March 2014, the Humane Cosmetics Act was introduced to the U. S. congress which would ban cosmetic testing on animals and eventually would ban the sale of cosmetics tested on animals. The bill did not advance. South Korea is also potentially "making strides toward ending cosmetics testing on animals. " In 2015, Taiwan launched a bill proposing a ban on cosmetic testing on animals. It passed in 2016 and goes into effect in 2019. China passed a law on 30 June 2014 to eliminate the requirement for animal testing of cosmetics. Though domestically-produced ordinary cosmetic goods do not require testing, animal testing is still mandated by law for Chinese-made "cosmeceuticals" (cosmetic goods which make a functional claim) which are available for sale in China. Cosmetics intended solely for export are exempt from the animal testing requirement. In 2013, the Russian Ministry of Health stated "Toxicological testing is performed by means of testing for skin allergic reaction or test on /eye area (with use of lab animals) or by use of alternative general toxicology methods (IN VITRO). In this manner the technical regulations include measures which provide an alternative to animal testing". In a huge victory for animals, the European Union (EU), Israel, and India have banned the sale of any cosmetics or cosmetics ingredients that have been tested on animals.
В These marketing bans mean that companies all around the worldВ will have to abandon animal testing for cosmetics they want to sell in these huge markets. The bans follow vigorous campaigning by PETA, its international affiliates, and members and supporters that included public protests, phone calls, and tens of thousands of e-mails. Unfortunately, there s no ban on testing cosmetics or household products on animals in the U. S. , so companies that make and sell their products here can choose to conduct tests on animals. Alternatives As hard as it is to believe, animal experiments for cosmetics and household products continue even though non-animal tests are widely available. Instead of measuring how long it takes a chemical to burn the cornea of a rabbit s eye, manufacturers can now drop that chemical onto cornea-like 3D tissue structures produced from human cells. В Likewise, human skin cultures can be grown and purchased for. Read more about these and dozens more non-animal tests currently in use that are faster and more accurate at predicting human reactions to a product than animal tests ever were. U. S. Environmental Groups Ignore 21 Century Science Even more incomprehensible is the continued demand by some В for more animal tests for cosmetics products, even though the rest of the world is moving away from these archaic methods and toward modern, more effective non-animal methods.
For example, a scientist from the В В that there are non-animal tests that are really valuable, informative, cheaper, and quicker than animal tests yet publicly disagreed with the EU ban on testing cosmetics on animals, claiming that we need to test these products on live things instead of using the widely accepted non-animal alternatives that have been shown to be predictive of human health effects. It would appear that the scientists at the NRDC have never bothered to read the National Academy of Sciences report and are ignoring the sea change that has occurred in the last quarter-century regarding our understanding of biological processes. These advances in our understanding have led to the development of test methods that can look directly at cellular mechanisms rather than at the crude and uninformative results that come from using animals. What You Can Do The best way to stop companies from using animals is to В and to В and tell them why you won t be using their eye shadow, detergent, or shampoo. The good news is that today, a multitude of cruelty-free cosmetics and household products are not tested on animals. Check outВ В that don t test on animals and request a free copy of PETA s globalВ В to find cruelty-free versions of all the products that you could ever need.
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