why do they speak french in canada
French is to Canada as English is to the US. You ll find it taught in schools and written on signs. If you walk down the street, there s a fair bet that any random person will be able to at least make out what you re saying. But France is nowhere near Canada. So, how did the French language find itself on Canadian tongues? Canada started out as a French territory but, like many countries on today s political playing field, it was quickly scooped up as part of the England s world powers playlist. France lost Canada to the Brits during the Seven Years War. In, what some would argue is classic French fashion, the colonists were stubborn in resisting British cultural influences. They refused to assimilate with new British colonists and never bothered to pick up the English language. Canada was famous for its trading operations. As time went on, the French language was deemed inferior by members of the trading industry. This forced a split amongst Canada s French-speaking population. Many French-speakers were forced to learn English to keep their businesses alive. However, a sizeable portion of Canadians dug in and clung to their native language and culture.
This paved the way to the three distinct groups non-french speakers, those who speak either French when they have to, and those who have difficulties speaking/understanding English. If you go through a drive-thru in certain parts of Canada, they may ask you for your order in French. More often than not, you can respond and carry out the conversation in perfect English. That s the weird dynamic of the French language in Canada. Unlike Spanish in the US, French is used on more than just signs and instruction manuals. It has become a perfectly equal alternative to English. About a fifth of the Canadian population list French as their native language. Fortunately, the language isn t the only influence France exported to North America. Canada is home to many fine French restaurants. Many of them include dishes with a unique Canadian influence. AtВCafГ TouchГ, we re all about French food. today to enjoy the best authentic cuisine in Chicago.
In 1534, French explorer Jacques Cartier ventured across the Atlantic in search of a more direct route to Asia.
He reached the shores of Newfoundland and what are now CanadaБs Maritime Provinces, and mapped the area of Gulf of Saint Lawrence. During this time, he attempted to claim the region for France, erecting a 10-metre cross with the words Long Live the King of France, which caused conflict among the areaБs. Cartier returned for two subsequent voyages, and although he did not quite succeed in establishing a permanent settlement, CanadaБs French roots were laid by the time of his death in 1557. Importantly, Cartier was the first to use the name БCanadaБ to refer to the lands that he had explored along the banks of the Saint Lawrence River. The name is a misinterpretation of the local indigenous word Б kanata,Б or Бvillage,Б which he thought designated the surrounding land and river. He used the term БCanadiensБ to refer to the Iroquoians he had met there, and the name Canada was used to refer to the small French colony that developed in the region, and the French colonists were called Canadiens. French settlement was established in eastern Canada by the early 17th century, with Samuel de Champlain founding Port Royal in Acadia in 1605 and Quebec City in 1608.
By 1634 there were around 200 settlers living in, mainly working in the increasingly profitable fur trade. In 1642 Ville Marie was founded as the settlement that would eventually become. Further political and economic consolidation of the French colony continued through the century. The 18th century experienced a series of wars and treaties that saw French Canada fall to British Rule, piece by piece from the Atlantic territories into. During this time, the French language was reduced to a lower rank in terms of trade and political power, though in general the attempted Anglicization of the French-speaking population failed. In order to encourage the coexistence of the two linguistic groups, in 1774, the Quebec Act was passed by the British Parliament, which restored French civil laws. was emerging as a federal state by the late 18th century, which involved dividing the Canadian colony into two designated provinces: the primarily English-speaking Upper Canada (now Ontario), and the predominantly French-speaking Lower Canada (now Quebec).
In 1867, the Dominion of Canada was established with the provinces of Ontario, Quebec, Nova Scotia, and New Brunswick. In, French was established again as the official language. There were also significant French communities in the Maritime Provinces. Canada established its first Official Languages Act in 1969, which was further refined in 1988 in order to outline the equal status of English and at the federal level. The two languages have also gradually reached a greater level of equality in most of the provinces, through concentrated French education programs and policies. New Brunswick is the only province in the country to have voluntarily opted to become officially bilingual, although there are pockets of French-speaking communities across every province in Canada. These communities have their own accents and dialects of, combining different elements from other regional languages and Бfolk dialectsБ that were spoken in France at the time of colonization. This means that БFrench CanadaБ is a label that refers to a unique and multi-textured identity that ranges across the country.
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