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why do we get tanned in sun

A massive amount of people aspire to conduct their search for a new home on HGTV's House Hunters : The reality show gets 100 to 200 applications per week. Couples and families who appear on the show are rewarded with a chance to find their dream home, not to mention a shot at
fame. But is there money in it for them, too? The answer is yesalthough the sum is probably much less than you think. Would-be homebuyers are paid a mere $500 to appear on House Hunters not even $500 each, but $500 per family. The per episode, on the other hand, is $45,000 to $50,000. Yup. The $500 stipend gets even more depressing when you think about how much time these couples have to put into the show: Each 23-minute episode takes about to film, spread out over three to five days. Prospective homeowners spend six hours at each of the three houses. The rest of the time goes toward before-and-after interviews and footage capturing their daily life, from spending time with family to going to work. The Things broke the $500 payout down and found that a couple who films eight hours a day for five days makes a paltry $6. 25 an hour per person. And speaking of work: People usually have to take days off from their jobs to film, so they potentially lose money by being on the show. And we haven't even gotten to the time you spend applying before you even get cast. If your online application is selected to move forward in the process, next up is a phone interview, lots of paperwork, and shooting a 10-minute. That's a lot of work. At least your meals are paid for when you're in production. One contestant that the director paid for her family's lunch every day and even took them out to dinner one night. Plus, they got access to those sweet, sweet craft services snacks. There is actually a contingent of onscreen personalities that get paid even less than the homebuyers: the realtors.

But while they don't get that cold, hard cash, they get a ton of publicity. It's common for reality show contestant to be. Of course, if it's a competition show, there are big payouts for the winners. Big Brother pays a weekly stipend of about and then shells out a grand prize to the champion. American Ninja Warrior contestants don't get paid a penny if they. So, what have we learned? If you're looking to make a fortune, don't bank on a career in reality television. Have you got a Big Question you'd like us to answer? If so, let us know by emailing us at. Laying out on a beach without a care in the world sounds like an incredibly relaxing way to spend a summer s day, but have you ever fallen asleep out there? With the sun beating down on you for hours, when you wake up, there s a good chance that you ll be a different color than when you first laid down! Obviously sun-tanning is highly desirable for some people, but for others, it s nearly impossible. While the person lying next to you may brown into a bronze god, you may just get a painfulPred sunburn. Doesn t seem fair! It seems like we should get to the bottom of this. why does sun tanning even happen? Well, the short answer is that tanning is our body s way of signaling that damage is being done to our skin cells, as well as aPway to protect ourselves from furtherPharm. However, since we all enjoy a moment in the sun from time to time, perhaps this issue deserves a bit more explication. During your relaxing day at the beach, you probably don t feel like you re being bombarded by radiation, but that is precisely what sunlight is! In addition to visible light and heat, there are three types of ultraviolet radiation that come from sunlight: UVA, UVB, and UVC. We can basically ignore UVC radiation, as it never reaches the surface of the planet (or our skin) and is largely absorbed by the atmosphere.

However, UVA and UVB radiation do reach our sun-exposed skin, and have various effects. UVA radiation is much more common, and isn t filtered out by our planet s ozone layer. We are exposed to UVA rays throughout our lives, as they can even penetrate clouds and atmospheric gases. When UVA radiation strikes our skin, it immediately engages the melanocytes (the pigment cells in our skin), causing a release of the melanin they have already stored,Presulting in what we know of as a tan. P UVA radiation penetrates deeper into the skin, and can damage skin cells in the epidermis, leading to various types of skin cancer. UVB radiation is slightly different, however, and only penetrates the top few layers of the skin, and is primarily responsible for sunburns, rather than sun tans. This makes UVB less of a danger for deep-layer skin cancers, but it can contribute to melanoma and those uncomfortable sunburns. Radiation of any kind penetrating the skin can damage DNA in those affected cells, which is why humans have adapted melanin to repair and protect the body from that damage. PWhen UVA radiation penetrates the skin, it causes the existing melanin to darken, but does not stimulatePthe production of morePmelanin. The color change resulting from UVA radiation is due to oxidative stress on the melanin, which changes its color. However, this is not a long-lasting color change, and the tan from UVA rays will usually fade in a few days. UVB radiation is the key component in the second stage of the tanning process. The damage caused by UVB rays stimulates melanogenesis, the body s natural response to radiation (producing more melanin).

This type of tan will be much longer lasting, and actually protects your skin from further radiation damage, as the melanin produced will absorb that radiation. UVB radiation can typically be blocked by sunscreen, whereas UVA rays are more difficult to protect against; fortunately, natural and synthetic fibers (clothing) have been shown to protect against the majority of UVA rays. The melanin produced and released byPmelanocytes comes in two pigment forms: eumelanin (brown) and phaeomelanin (yellow and red). Depending on a combination of your hair color, skin tone, race, genetics, and previous exposure to sunlight, the production levels of these two pigments may be different. For example, a fair-skinned Irishman with red hair may produce less eumelanin than phaeomelanin, making it almost impossible for him to get a tan in the traditional sense. On the other hand, a Mediterranean woman with dark hair and an olive-skinned complexion may tan very easily, as her melanocytes produce more eumelanin than phaeomelanin. If you are of a race other than Caucasian, you re particularly fortunate, as melanin production is almost continuous, ensuring that you always have a darkened skin tone and much more protection from radiation. For this reason, the occurrence of skin cancer in people from those cultures is much lower. If you want to get a truly excellent tan, short bursts of exposure are recommended over the course of 5-7 days, as that will activate the melanocytes (through UVB rays) and start building up a protective layer of melanin. This will not only protect you from additional DNA damage and lower your chances of skin cancer, but alsoPgive you that sexy, toasted in the sun appearance you ve been dreaming of all winter!

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