why do we honor dr martin luther king jr

On the third Monday of every January, we observe Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. Day. This is a day for the nation to reflect upon the legacy of Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. , a minister, civil rights activist and nonviolent leader. Dr. King was considered the most influential leader in the Civil Rights movement, which aimed to end the systematic racial segregation and discrimination against African Americans that plagued the country. Dr. King (often referred to as MLK) played a key role in creating the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the Voting Rights Act of 1965. He received many awards and honors most notably the Nobel Peace Prize in 1964. Dr. King was assassinated in 1968. Despite his early passing, Dr. King had enormous, lasting influence on the Civil Rights movement and continues to be remembered as one of the most influential nonviolent leaders in world history. Dr. King's Life and Major Achievements
Martin Luther King Jr. was born in Atlanta, Georgia, in 1929. As a boy, he attended legally segregated public schools, and graduated from high school at the age of 15. He obtained a B. A. from Morehouse College, attended the Crozer Theological Seminary for three years, and went on to earn his Ph. D. at Boston University. Following in his father's and grandfather's footsteps, he became pastor of the Dexter Avenue Baptist Church. As a minister, and worked toward civil rights equality. In 1955, he was recruited to serve as a. The Alabama city's bus lines were segregated by race, and African Americans were forced to sit at the back of the bus. When a 42-year-old woman named Rosa Parks refused to give her seat to a white man, she was arrested and fined.


Four days after this event, often walking miles to work and suffering harrassment and intimidation along the way, for 381 days. As a result, the U. S. Supreme Court ruled that racial segregation in transportation was unconstitutional. Inspired by Gandhi's success with nonviolent activism, Dr. King continued to organize nonviolent protests and civil disobedience as a way to fight for social change in Birmingham, Alabama, which was considered the "most segregated city in America" at the time. For example, "sit-ins" at racially segregated lunch counters and civil rights marches were organized. However, these efforts by the African-American community were often met with violence from the police. During a march, images of Birmingham police assaulting young African Americans with water hoses and dogs, injuring and bloodying them, sparked national outrage and a collective push for civil rights legislation. Dr. King was arrested, and it was during his time in prison that he drafted the "," in which he explained his theory of nonviolence. Dr. King was also instrumental in the 1963 March on Washington, in which more than 250,000 people demonstrated in the nation's capital. It was here that Dr. King delivered his "I Have a Dream" speech, in which he addressed the current situation and expressed his ideas of equality. P. In 1964, at the age of 35,. In the same year, Congress passed the Civil Rights Act. This act made it illegal to discriminate on the basis of race in hiring, education, transportation, or any other sphere of public life. It also authorized the government to enforce desegregation, and outlawed segregation in any public place.


Because segregation was so common, this act was extremely important. The March on Washington, along with the other movements in which Dr. King played a role, strongly influenced the passage of this act. One year later, in 1965, Congress passed the. Dr. King's voting rights marches from Selma to Montgomery, Alabama, were influential in this passage. Toward the end of Dr. King's life, he began to widen his focus to economic justice and international peace. He was tragically killed by a sniper outside of his motel room in Memphis, Tennessee, in 1968. Despite his early and untimely death, Dr. King's tremendous accomplishments are remembered and celebrated. In 1994, Congress designated the Martin Luther King Jr. Federal Holiday as a national day of service. As a way to honor Dr. King's tireless efforts in the pursuit of social justice, as well as to embrace his teachings on community service, the MLK Day of Service urges people of all ages and walks of life to "make it a day on, not a day off. " We encourage you to join in your community and participate in thePMLKPDay of Service! You can. Opm. gov. Retrieved January 20,. ^ Jones, William P. (January 30, 2006). Archived from on January 17, 2011. Retrieved January 17,. ^ Wolfensberger, Don (January 14, 2008). Archived from on January 17, 2011. Retrieved January 16,. ^ Dewar, Helen (October 4, 1983). p. PA01. Archived from on January 17, 2011. Retrieved January 16,. Romero, Frances (January 18, 2010). Time. Courtwright, David T. (2010). Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press. p. P13. P. Younge, Gary (September 29, 2013). ". The Nation. Retrieved April 12,.


Woolley, John T. ; Gerhard Peters (November 2, 1983). Archived from on January 17, 2011. Retrieved January 16,. , 98P P, enacted NovemberP2, 1983 Woolley, John T. ; Gerhard Peters (May 17, 1989). Archived from on January 17, 2011. Retrieved January 16,. , 103P P, enacted MayP17, 1989 Gilbreth, Donna (1997). New Hampshire State Library. Archived from on January 17, 2011. Retrieved January 17,. ^ Petrie, Phil W. (MayJune 2000). Retrieved November 12,. Ye Hee Lee, Michelle (January 15, 2012). Retrieved January 20,. timeanddate. com. Time and Date AS. Retrieved April 12,. ^. tucsonsentinel. com. Retrieved February 5,. Shumway, Jim (November 26, 1990). Arizona Secretary of State ~ Home Page. Arizona Secretary of State. p. P12. Retrieved April 11,. Reingold, Beth (2000). Univ of North Carolina Press. pp. P66. P. Retrieved May 4,. , Infoplease Goldberg, Carey (May 26, 1999). Archived from on January 17, 2011. Retrieved January 17,. Alabama. gov. Idaho. gov. MS. gov. Duran, April (April 10, 2000). On The Lege. Archived from on January 17, 2011. Retrieved January 17,. Cody, Karen James (January 9, 2007). Archived from on January 17, 2011. Martin Luther King, Jr. Day of Service homepage. Corporation for National and Community Service. Global Citizen. Moore, Doug (January 16, 2011). Archived from on January 17, 2011. www. city. hiroshima. lg. jp. (2008). Archived from on January 17, 2011. The Jewish Week The American Examiner, pg 37, February 3, 1986. Library of Congress Veterans History Project Oral History, Arnold Resnicoff, May 2010. At 1 hour 37 Min. U. S. Embassy Consulate in the Netherlands. 2017-01-30. Retrieved.

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