why do we get pimples before periods

Between the moodiness, and, the last thing a woman with
needs is to look in the mirror and see a big red pimple. But unfortunately, many women do. Menstrual, a flare-up of blemishes every month that coincides with, is fairly common. According to a study published in the Archives of Dermatology, 63% of -prone women experience these premenstrual flares. They usually strike about seven to 10 days before the onset of a womanБs period and then subside as soon as bleeding begins. The average menstrual cycle is 28 days, and each of these days is different hormonally. БIn the first half of a womanБs menstrual cycle, the predominant hormone is ; in the second half, the main hormone is,Б explains ob-gyn Elizabeth Gutrecht Lyster, MD. Lyster is part of Holtorf Medical Group in Orange County, Calif. БThen levels of both hormones fall to their lowest levels of the month as bleeding approaches,Б she says. Meanwhile, the male hormone (made in smaller amounts by women) stays at a constant level all month. БThis means that before and during, is relatively higher than the female hormones,Б Lyster says. These behind-the-scenes hormonal shifts do all sorts of things to a womanБs. For one, the mid-cycle progesterone rise stimulates the production of sebum. Sebum is a thick, oily substance that acts as a natural skin lubricant. БAnd as levels of progesterone increase, skin swells and pores are compressed shut,Б explains dermatologist Audrey Kunin, MD, of DERMAdoctor. com.


As a result, pores never looked so minimized. БBut this tourniquet effect also causes sebum to build up beneath the skinБs surface. Б In addition, higher testosterone levels around further activate the sebaceous glands to make even more sebum. Sebum yields different effects in different women. БFor some, it produces a healthy glow; for others, it creates a chronic oil slick,Б Kunin says. The oil provides food for the bacterium P. acnes. This bacterium causes increased breakouts and inflammation around the time of women's periods. Unfortunately, you canБt change the relationship between acne and hormones. But there are some things you can do to make those breakouts less severe. БMenstrual-related acne is not a matter of hygiene; it is an internal effect. However, women still need to take special care of their skin around their periods in order not to make things worse,Б Lyster says. No matter your skincare routine, breakouts are going to happen. Whether they re a reaction to stress or clogged pores, pimples have a way of popping up when we least want to see them. And when you re on your period, you re even more prone to getting hormonal acne. The fluctuation of hormones during this time leads to extra breakouts, but it s not as hard as you might think to keep them at bay. HereБs exactly what happens to your skin during your menstrual cycle and what you should be using to help keep your face in the clear: Before Your Period БMost of us experience a pre-menstrual breakout when we have increased levels of progesterone and testosterone during the week leading up to our periods,Б OB/GYN says.


БThis results in increased oil production, which can turn into clogged pores and lead to acne. Б During this time, Dr. Jones suggests to try upping your intake of Vitamin A derivatives to help prevent pores from becoming clogged. Using products that contain Benzoyl Peroxide also helps. NYC board-certified Dermatologist suggests the because it contains 5. 5% micronized benzyl peroxide, is non-drying and has a very light texture. БIt contains 2% salicylic acid, which helps unblock pores,Б Dr. Jaliman says. БIt also contains green tea and cucumber extract for a soothing, anti-inflammatory effect. Б During Your Period БYou might notice that your skin is more tender,Б Dr. Jones says. БProstaglandins arenБt just responsible for menstrual cramps during our period, but can also cause the skin to be more sensitive. The vasoconstriction of blood vessels that occurs in the uterus also occurs in the skin, which can cause you to appear flushed. With the decrease in estrogen production, you might notice dryer skin as well. Б To hydrate your complexion, try using a cleanser like the. БIt doesnБt strip the skin of its natural moisture and actually adds more moisture from aloe, glycerin, ceramides and hyaluronic acid,Б Dr.


Jaliman says. БIt also has a special anti-inflammatory agent arnica, so it s soothing and actually minimizes redness. Б If your breakouts tend to be more stubborn (such as the sore ones that develop deep within the skin), suggests applying the to the area most prone to getting the breakouts three days before your period and continuing to use it throughout the week. You can also battle breakouts by trying to de-stress and get more until your period is over Б but also in general! БStress and lack of sleep can negatively affect the skin,Б says Renee. БIn general, stress will worsen your overall skin condition. Б After Your Period БThis is when estrogen production increases from the ovaries and gives your skin more glow and elasticity, says Dr. Jones. Dr. Jaliman explains that since your hormones have settled down after your period, you ll tend to have fewer breakouts. Try using a weekly face like the to help keep skin clear before your period begins again. In addition to skincare products, are also another option that will help to keep your skin clear year round. БA common effect of oral contraceptive pills is clear skin,Б Dr. Jones says. БPills help to depress the oil production seen in skin the two weeks prior to the menstrual cycle by blocking the normal estrogen/progesterone increases seen at this time. Б Consider yourself fully equipped to battle those period breakouts. Related:

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