why do we celebrate anzac day in new zealand
Anzac Day occurs on 25 April. It commemorates all New Zealanders killed in war and also honours returned servicemen and women. The date itself marks the anniversary of the landing of New Zealand and Australian soldiers в the Anzacs в on the Gallipoli Peninsula in 1915. The aim was to capture the Dardanelles, the gateway to the Bosphorus and the Black Sea. At the end of the campaign, Gallipoli was still held by its Turkish defenders. Thousands lost their lives in the : 87,000 Turks, 44,000 men from France and the British Empire, including 8500 Australians. To this day, Australia also marks the events of 25 April. Among the dead were 2779 New Zealanders, about a sixth of those who served on Gallipoli. It may have led to a military defeat, but for many New Zealanders then and since, the Gallipoli landings meant the beginning of something else в a feeling that New Zealand had a role as a distinct nation, even as it fought on the other side of the world in the name of the British Empire. Anzac Day was first marked in 1916. The day has gone through many changes since then.
The ceremonies that are held at war memorials up and down New Zealand, or in places overseas where New Zealanders gather, remain rich in tradition and ritual befitting a military funeral.
Anzac Day occurs on 25 April. It commemorates allб New Zealanders killed in war and honours our returned servicemen and women. The date itself marksб the anniversary of the landing of New Zealand and Australian soldiers Б the Anzacs Б on the Gallipoli Peninsula in 1915. The aim was to capture the Dardanelles, the gateway to the Bosphorus and the Black Sea. At the end of the campaign, Gallipoli was still held by its Turkish defenders. New Zealanders have marked the landings at Gallipoli since news of the event first reached this country, and Anzac Day has been a public holiday since 1921. On this day the people of New Zealand have acknowledged the sacrifice of all those who have died in warfare, and the contribution and suffering of all those who have served. Over time there have been changes in the way that the day has been commemorated, reflecting the changing features and concerns of our society.
During the Second World War, for example, there was increased interest and a heightened sense of the relevance of Anzac Day; in the 1960s and decades following it was from time to time used as a platform for anti-war and other social protest. Today, at a time when it seems New Zealanders are increasingly keen to assert and celebrate a unique identity, we recognise Anzac Day as a central marker of our nationhood. The number of New Zealanders attending Anzac Day events in New Zealand, and at Gallipoli, is increasing. For some younger people, the sombre focus of the day receives less emphasis than do the more celebratory aspects of a national holiday. For most, though, the day is an occasion on which to formally pay tribute and to remember. Anzac Day now promotes a sense of unity, perhaps more effectively than any other day on the national calendar. People whose politics, beliefs and aspirations are widely different can nevertheless share a genuine sorrow at the loss of so many lives in war, and a real respect for those who have endured warfare on behalf of the country we live in.
Dates for key New Zealand domestic and overseas commemorative and ceremonial events which will be marked during the First World War centenary from 2014 to 2019 were announced by former Arts, Culture and Heritage Minister Christopher Finlayson in September 2013. Details about the different themes of the experiences of the First World War over the 2014Б2019 period were announced in July 2014. The New Zealand Defence Force is responsible for organising military commemorations for the First World War centenary at Gallipoli and other overseas locations. You can find details of national commemorations to be held overseas under the First World War Centenary Programme Office's (WW100) events webpage. Visit the Ministry's NZHistory website for a comprehensive online collection of World War One material. б You can also discover more stories about the war on WW100's website. Statistical information about New Zealand casualties in overseas wars is. Section 17 of the Flags, Emblems, and Names Protection Act 1981 (the Act) prohibits the use of the word БAnzacБ in trade or business. б The Ministry has compiled some guidelines as to what uses of Anzac or ANZAC will generally not be in breach of the prohibition in section 17. б б б We recommend using the term 'ANZAC'б Б with all capitalsб Б only when referring to the specific Corps.
For all other uses 'Anzac' is preferred. For example, 'On the Westernб Front there were twoб Anzacб corps, with New Zealand Division serving in II ANZAC Corpsб until 1918. б New Zealandersб who died in war areб remembered on Anzac Day. ' Contact us if you have any questions about the use of the term БAnzacБ. A copy of the 1916 New Zealand Gazette notice proclaiming Anzac Day as a half-day holiday is available on our Legislation passed in 1949 prevented Anzac Day from being 'Mondayised'. The current Anzac Day Act 1966 liberalised activities after 1pm. In April 2013 the Holidays (Full Recognition of Waitangi Day and ANZAC Day) Amendment Act was passed. This legislation enables an extra public holiday when Anzac Day falls on the weekend.
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