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why do they put cotton in pill bottles

If you've ever wondered why there's cotton in your medicine bottles, close observation might guide you to the answer. You'll notice that you never get a cotton ball stuffed in your medicine bottle when it's filled by the pharmacist--rather you tend to find them in shipped medicines from online pharmacies and over-the-counter packages from the manufacturer. That's your clue right there. It serves its entire purpose during handling and transport. Since pill bottles aren't filled to the top, the cotton fills in the empty space so the pills don't rattle against each other too harshly and chip and break. Clearly you don't need protective cotton balls if you're just taking your bottle of pills from the pharmacist's counter to your car to your home--unless you're an extremely dangerous driver. It's easier to tell if your pills have been tampered with if they generally come whole, without chipping and breaking. Broken pills lead to an issue of dose control. Taking a broken pill means you're not getting enough of your medication, but trying to add fractions of chipped pills together to make a whole dose is iffy, and could lead to potential overdose. Breaking and chipping destroys the coating on the medicine. This matters for two reasons. First, the coating often allows people to swallow the medication more easily, and covers up a bitter taste.

Even more important, the coating might be part of a medication's time-release design. Chipped pills thus may thus not release the dosage as intended, which can lead to a lack of efficacy, or even too much of the medication released at one time. So while the cotton plays a crucial rule in maintaining the safety of your medicine, youPmight think that cotton is cotton, and that's that--but what would the world of medicine be without some regulative body to establish its parameters? For example, is it
really cotton -- and how should it be made sanitary enough to put inside a pill bottle? First, your downy plug might be cotton, but, equally likely it's rayon or polyester. Second,Pan organization called thePUnited States Pharmacopoeia (USP), which has set quality standards for U. S. medicines for nearly 200 years, establishes criteria for that cotton. Not just anything goes. Actually, the USP is a non-governmental public health organization, so your tax money isn't supporting it, but it has an important job, and its standards for medicines are updated regularly. Those standards arePpublished in something called the United States Pharmacopeia " " (USP-NF). The USP's decisions are important enough so that once the USP, it's enforceable by the Food and Drug Administration, and all drug makers have to follow the standards if they want to market their drugs in the U. S. Because cotton can attract pathogens and contaminate medication, many drug companies use hydrogen peroxide to sanitize the cotton balls.

The USP is in charge of Pfor the hydrogen peroxide used in the packaging materials. The USP is nothing if not precise about the use of hydrogen peroxidein the cotton. To be exact, "The USP 670 draft states that, in the future, no more than 50 ppm of peroxide will be permissible per gram of cotton fiber: Before measuring, the fibers must be stirred for three minutes in 30 ml distilled water. " But your cotton, though thoroughly sanitized, shouldn't remain in your medicine bottle once you've opened it. As opposed to keeping the medicine fresh, it actually attracts moisture, which lowers the medication's potency. What about "freshness"? The presence of cotton in your medicine bottle does not help them to last longer or keep it any fresher, as some may assume. PMost drugs actually have. If you're at a loss as to what to do with it, know that it's quite useful for removing nail polish. If you're male, or not a nail polish wearer, you can always dust off your computer with it.

Now you want to know what to do with those desiccating packets? That's a post for another day. A massive amount of people aspire to conduct their search for a new home on HGTV's House Hunters : The reality show gets 100 to 200 applications per week. Couples and families who appear on the show are rewarded with a chance to find their dream home, not to mention a shot at fame. But is there money in it for them, too? The answer is yesБalthough the sum is probably much less than you think. Would-be homebuyers are paid a mere $500 to appear on House Hunters Бnot even $500 each, but $500 per family. The per episode, on the other hand, is $45,000 to $50,000. Yup. The $500 stipend gets even more depressing when you think about how much time these couples have to put into the show: Each 23-minute episode takes about to film, spread out over three to five days. Prospective homeowners spend six hours at each of the three houses. The rest of the time goes toward before-and-after interviews and footage capturing their daily life, from spending time with family to going to work. The Things broke the $500 payout down and found that a couple who films eight hours a day for five days makes a paltry $6. 25 an hour per person. And speaking of work: People usually have to take days off from their jobs to film, so they potentially lose money by being on the show.

And we haven't even gotten to the time you spend applying before you even get cast. If your online application is selected to move forward in the process, next up is a phone interview, lots of paperwork, and shooting a 10-minute. That's a lot of work. At least your meals are paid for when you're in production. One contestant that the director paid for her family's lunch every day and even took them out to dinner one night. Plus, they got access to those sweet, sweet craft services snacks. There is actually a contingent of onscreen personalities that get paid even less than the homebuyers: the realtors. But while they don't get that cold, hard cash, they get a ton of publicity. It's common for reality show contestant to be. Of course, if it's a competition show, there are big payouts for the winners. Big Brother pays a weekly stipend of about and then shells out a grand prize to the champion. American Ninja Warrior contestants don't get paid a penny if they. So, what have we learned? If you're looking to make a fortune, don't bank on a career in reality television. Have you got a Big Question you'd like us to answer? If so, let us know by emailing us at.

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