why do we get cramp in feet
Foot cramps happen when a muscle in your foot suddenly squeezes and canБt relax. The feeling you get ranges from a slight tic to an intense spasm that causes a lot of pain. Foot cramps are usually harmless. Often, you can take care of the pain yourself at home. Though you might get a foot cramp because of or other activity, it can just as easily happen when youБre sitting still or sleeping. Your muscle may feel very hard. You might also be able to see it
inside your foot. A cramp may last only a few seconds, or it may go on for up to 15 minutes or more. б б б б When your foot muscle seizes up, try these tips to help it relax: If youБre sitting or lying down, stand up and put weight on your cramping foot. Gently stretch the muscle by flexing your foot. Keep it flexed until the pain goes away. (If you have trouble reaching your feet, wrap a towel or necktie around the bottom of your foot with your toes pointed toward the ceiling, and pull the top of your foot toward you. ) Rub your muscle gently as you stretch it.
Try putting ice on the area while you it. Put heat on the cramped muscle with a warm towel or heating pad. You can also soak it in warm water. б б б б You can also take an over-the-counter pain reliever like ibuprofenб to help any leftover aches go away. б б б How Do I Prevent Them? One key to keeping cramps at bay is to keep your body limber and healthy. Here's how: Stretch. Warm up your muscles, especially when you know youБll be using them for a long time. Stretch both before and after you exercise. If you tend to get leg cramps at night, make sure to stretch before you go to bed.
Doing a few minutes of light exercise like stationary bike riding before you can help your muscles relax better while you, too. Hydrate. Plenty of throughout the day can help ward off cramps. Your bodyБs cells are happier when they have lots of fluids. Drink more when youБre more active, or when the weather is hot or dry. Keep the coming. That'll help you and your muscles stay hydrated and relaxed. Dehydration and overexertion are common causes of cramps during exercise. When youБre dehydrated, electrolyte levels in your body drop, which can lead to muscle cramps. As people get older, they lose muscle mass. The remaining muscle has to work harder. Starting in your early 40s, if youБre not regularly active, muscles can get stressed more easily, leading to cramps.
Muscle cramps can be more common in people with medical conditions such as diabetes or liver disease. People with diabetes are at risk for, a condition that causes damage to the nerves in your fingers and toes. When these nerves donБt function properly, you can experience pain and cramping. If your liver isnБt working correctly, it canБt filter toxins from the blood. The buildup of toxins can also lead to muscle cramps and spasms. For some people, certain medications contribute to muscle cramps. These can include diuretics and cholesterol-lowering medications, such as statins and nicotinic acid. Having too little sodium, potassium, calcium, or magnesium in your body might be the source of your cramps. These minerals are all important for muscle and nerve function as well as blood pressure.
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