why do we sing the pledge of allegiance
MassachusettsБ Supreme Judicial Court Б the stateБs highest court Б will hear arguments today in, a case in which an anonymous atheist couple is
of the phrase Бunder GodБ in recitations of the Pledge of Allegiance in public schools. The plaintiffs, represented by the American Humanist Association, are appealing a lower court ruling that went in favor of the school district. With the school year getting underway around the country, here are five facts about the Pledge of Allegiance and its legal history: The original version of the Pledge of Allegiance did not include the words Бunder God. Б The patriotic oath Б attributed to a and published in a childrenБs magazine in September 1892 to commemorate the 400th anniversary of Christopher ColumbusБ voyage to America Б б read: БI pledge allegiance to my flag and to the Republic for which it stands, one nation, indivisible, with liberty and justice for all.
Б Congress added БUnder GodБ to the Pledge in 1954 Б during the Cold War. Many members of Congress reportedly wanted to between the United States and the officially atheistic Soviet Union. The children of the plaintiffs in the Massachusetts case Б like all Americans Б cannot be required to recite the Pledge or any specific part of it. That was made clear in a 1943 U. S. Supreme Court decision, in which Justice Robert Jackson wrote: БIf there is any fixed star in our constitutional constellation, it is that no official, high or petty, can prescribe what shall be orthodox in politics, nationalism, religion, or other matters of opinion or force citizens to confess by word or act their faith therein. If there are any circumstances which permit an exception, they do not now occur to us. Б In 2004, the U. S. Supreme Court accepted a case ( ) that challenged the use of Бunder GodБ in the Pledge, but the high court did not rule on the question of whether the Pledge is constitutional under the First Amendment.
Instead, a that did not have legal standing to bring the case on behalf of his daughter because he did not have legal custody of her. Standing is a legal concept that only those with a legitimate stake in a caseБs outcome can be a party to a lawsuit. The current Massachusetts case challenges the Pledge from a different perspective than did Michael Newdow, who argued that Бunder GodБ in the Pledge violates the prohibition on the establishment of religion in the First Amendment of the U. S. Constitution. , the plaintiffs in this new case are arguing that the recitation of the pledge discriminates against non-believing students and thus violates the guarantee of equal rights contained in the Massachusetts Constitution. Category: Topics:, Get Pew Research Center Since I was four years old in preschool, I stood up once a day in the morning, put my hand over my heart and recited the Pledge of Allegiance to an American flag hanging over the blackboard every single day.
After it was over, we would all sit back down and carry on with our planned day. I never thought much of it, why should I at such a young age? It was engraved in my brain, it was a daily routine. Many people today don t think much of it. They stand up in the morning, put their hand over their heart, and recite the words to the flag. But do they think about what they are saying? Do they analyze the words and the concept? I did. So, why don t I say the Pledge? One Nation Under God infringes upon first amendment rights. В One Nation Under God was added in 1954, and has been in the spotlight of controversy since, whether it is an infringement on the Establishment Clause of the first amendment. People who say you should recite the Pledge daily, or you re Anti-America, do not care if it violates your religious freedoms.
Justice For All is simply untrue. We cannot stand up every morning and recite these words when minority groups still fight for equality every single day. LGBT rights are still up for debate in most states and many Americans still discriminate against minority groups. The Klu Klux Klan is still allowed to legally operate with a history of killing and harassing African Americans. If the USA is free, why should we say the Pledge of Allegiance? Very few countries have a pledgeВ or require children at such a young age to do it. North Korea is one of the very few countries that require children to pledge allegiance to their country. So, next time you sit down during the Pledge and someone calls you Anti-American and claims the Pledge is a valued tradition, remind them slavery was an American tradition as well. Not all traditions are righteous.
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