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why do we have to get wisdom teeth removed

Dr. Laura Geiger, DDS of Southeast Family Dental in Indianapolis, Indiana explains how 70-90% of people develop at least one wisdom tooth and why dentists recommend getting your
removed, especially in patients between the ages of 15-20 years old. Dr. Geiger further explains the symptoms of wisdom teeth including, pain around gums and limited opening of the jaw. If you can not see the embedded video above please use the following link: Hi, I m Dr. Geiger with Southeast Family Dental. Today we re gonna be talking about wisdom teeth, or third molars as we call them. We get a lot of questions about them and a lot of people that need to have them taken out. About 70-90% of people develop at least one wisdom tooth, and that comes from multiple sources so the range. And the part that is interesting is that some people develop as little as one wisdom tooth, some unfortunately develop all four, and some do not develop them at all. And the main reason that people need to have them out is that, as we ve gone through evolution, our jaw size has changed and now our jaws are smaller, we don t have enough room for the wisdom teeth to come in. So a lot of times that s why people have to have them taken out.

Now just because you don t have enough room for them to come in is not exactly the problem. The problem is, that the wisdom teeth tend to push on the teeth in front of them, causing pressure, which then can lead to having those teeth taken out. So, a lot of times we recommend, especially between the ages of 15 to 20, that patients have them removed. The reason we like to have them removed at that kind of ideal 15 to 20 age range, is that s them time when the wisdom teeth have developed enough to be able to take them out, but also the patient is young enough that you re gonna heal a lot better and a lot faster. Some people don t have any symptoms with their wisdom teeth. Other people can develop them as they start to come through or try to come through the gum. This can be bad breath, some pain around the gum, limited opening up the jaw. If you have any of those symptoms or experience anything, you need to talk to your dentist. The first thing we re gonna do it take an x-ray called a panoramic x-ray. This takes a good full view of your mouth and lets us see any wisdom teeth that might be developing, whether they re through the gums or not.

This also can tell us where they are and whether we think they need to be removed. Not every time does someone have to have them taken out. Depending on, especially the lower wisdom teeth, we have to be very careful of the nerve that runs through the jaw. So again that would be a reason why we take the x-ray. So if you experience any symptoms of impacted wisdom teeth or if your dentist has told you that you have them, again the first thing we re gonna do is take an x-ray. It s really gonna be up to your dentist and maybe an oral surgeon who s gonna determine when and if your wisdom teeth need to be removed. Again, talking to your dentist to be the first and most important thing. Again, this is Laura Geiger with Southeast Family Dental and remember, we can make you smile. Many times, however, wisdom teeth don't have room to grow properly and can cause problems. Erupting wisdom teeth can grow at various angles in the jaw, sometimes even horizontally. Problems can include wisdom teeth that: Remain completely hidden within the gums. If they aren't able to emerge normally, wisdom teeth become trapped (impacted) within your jaw.

Sometimes this can result in infection or can cause a cyst that can damage other teeth roots or bone support. Emerge partially through the gums. Because this area is hard to see and clean, wisdom teeth that partially emerge create a passageway that can become a magnet for bacteria that cause gum disease and oral infection. Crowd nearby teeth. If wisdom teeth don't have enough room to come in properly, they may crowd or damage nearby teeth. Some dentists recommend removing wisdom teeth if they don't fully emerge. Many dentists believe it's better to remove wisdom teeth at a younger age, before the roots and bone are fully formed, and when recovery is generally faster after surgery. This is why some young adults have their wisdom teeth pulled before the teeth cause problems. According to the American Dental Association, wisdom teeth removal may be necessary if you experience changes in the area of those teeth, such as: The decision to remove wisdom teeth isn't always clear. Talk to your dentist or an oral surgeon about the position and health of your wisdom teeth and what's best for your situation. Dec. 03, 2016

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