why do we have a dual court system

A Бdual court systemБ is a judicial structure employing two independent court systems, one operating at the local level and the other at the national level. The United States and Australia have the worldБs longest-running dual court systems. Under the United StatesБ system of known as Б,Б the nationБs dual court system is composed of two separately operating systems: the
and the state courts. In each case, the court systems or judicial branches operate independently from the executive and legislative branches. Rather than evolving or Бgrowing intoБ one, the United States has always had a dual court system. Even before the convened in 1787, each of the had its own court system loosely based on English laws and judicial practices most familiar to colonial leaders. In striving to create the system of that is now arguably considered their best idea, the framers of the sought to create a judicial branch that would have no more power than either the or branches. To achieve this balance, the framers limited the jurisdiction or power of the federal courts, while maintaining the integrity of the state and local courts. A court systemБs БjurisdictionБ describes the types of cases it is constitutionally allowed to consider. In general, the federal courtsБ jurisdiction includes cases dealing in some way with federal laws enacted by Congress and interpretation and application of the U. S. Constitution. The federal courts also deal with cases whose outcomes may impact multiple states, involve interstate crime and major crimes like human trafficking, drug smuggling, or counterfeiting.


In addition, the Б Б of the allows the Court to settle cases involving disputes between states, disputes between foreign countries or foreign citizens and U. S. states or citizens. While the federal judicial branch operates separately from the executive and legislative branches, it must often work with them when required by the Constitution. which must be signed by the. The federal courts determine the constitutionality of federal laws and resolve disputes over how federal laws are enforced. However, the federal courts depend on the executive branch agencies to enforce their decisions. The state courts deal with cases not falling under the jurisdiction of the federal courts. For example, cases involving family law (divorce, child custody, etc. ), contract law, probate disputes, lawsuits involving parties located in the same state, as well as almost all violations of state and local laws. As implemented in the United States, the dual federal/state court systems give the state and local courts leeway to БindividualizeБ their procedures, legal interpretations, and decisions to best fit the needs of the communities they serve. For example, large cities may need to reduce murders and gang violence, while small rural towns my need to deal with theft, burglary, and minor drug violations. About 90% of all cases dealt with in the U. S. court system are heard in the state courts.


As created by Article III of the U. S. Constitution, the U. S. Supreme Court stands as the highest court in the United States. The Constitution merely created the Supreme Court, while assigning the task of passing federal laws and creating a system of lower federal courts. for signing up. Congress has responded over the years to create the current federal court system made up of 13 courts of appeals and 94 district level trial courts sitting below the Supreme Court. The U. S. Courts of Appeals is made up of 13 appellate courts located within the 94 federal judicial districts. The appeals courts decide whether or not federal laws were correctly interpreted and applied by the district trial courts under them. Each appeals court has three presidentially-appointed judges and no juries are used. Disputed decisions of the appeals courts can be appealed to the U. S. Supreme Court. Operating in five of the 12 regional federal judicial circuits, the Bankruptcy Appellate Panels (BAPs) are 3-judge panels authorized to hear appeals to decisions of bankruptcy courts BAPs are currently located in the First, Sixth, Eighth, Ninth, and Tenth Circuits. The 94 district trail courts making up the system of U. S. District Courts do what most people think courts do. They call juries that weigh evidence, testimony, and arguments, and apply legal principles to decide who is right and who is wrong. Each district trial court has one presidentially-appointed district judge.


The district judge is assisted in preparing cases for trial by one or more magistrate judge, who may also conduct trials in misdemeanor cases. Each state and the District of Columbia have at least one federal district court, with a U. S. bankruptcy court operating under it. Mr. Kaplun clearly had an exceptional understanding of the issue and was able to explain it concisely. I would recommend JustAnswer to anyone. Great service that lives up to its promises! Gary B. Edmond, OK My Expert was fast and seemed to have the answer to my taser question at the tips of her fingers. Communication was excellent. I left feeling confident in her answer. Redwood City, CA I am very pleased with JustAnswer as a place to go for divorce or criminal law knowledge and insight. Wichita, KS PaulMJD helped me with questions I had regarding an urgent legal matter. His answers were excellent. Three H. Houston, TX Anne was extremely helpful. Her information put me in the right direction for action that kept me legal, possible saving me a ton of money in the future. Thank you again, Anne!! Atlanta, GA It worked great. I had the facts and I presented them to my ex-landlord and she folded and returned my deposit. The 50 bucks I spent with you solved my problem. Apopka, FL Not only did he answer my Michigan divorce question but was also able to help me out with it, too. I have since won my legal case on this matter and thank you so much for it.

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