why do we say the pledge of allegiance
MassachusettsБ Supreme Judicial Court Б the stateБs highest court Б will hear arguments today in, a case in which an anonymous atheist couple is
of the phrase Бunder GodБ in recitations of the Pledge of Allegiance in public schools. The plaintiffs, represented by the American Humanist Association, are appealing a lower court ruling that went in favor of the school district. With the school year getting underway around the country, here are five facts about the Pledge of Allegiance and its legal history: The original version of the Pledge of Allegiance did not include the words Бunder God. Б The patriotic oath Б attributed to a and published in a childrenБs magazine in September 1892 to commemorate the 400th anniversary of Christopher ColumbusБ voyage to America Б б read: БI pledge allegiance to my flag and to the Republic for which it stands, one nation, indivisible, with liberty and justice for all. Б Congress added БUnder GodБ to the Pledge in 1954 Б during the Cold War. Many members of Congress reportedly wanted to between the United States and the officially atheistic Soviet Union. The children of the plaintiffs in the Massachusetts case Б like all Americans Б cannot be required to recite the Pledge or any specific part of it.
That was made clear in a 1943 U. S. Supreme Court decision, in which Justice Robert Jackson wrote: БIf there is any fixed star in our constitutional constellation, it is that no official, high or petty, can prescribe what shall be orthodox in politics, nationalism, religion, or other matters of opinion or force citizens to confess by word or act their faith therein. If there are any circumstances which permit an exception, they do not now occur to us. Б In 2004, the U. S. Supreme Court accepted a case ( ) that challenged the use of Бunder GodБ in the Pledge, but the high court did not rule on the question of whether the Pledge is constitutional under the First Amendment. Instead, a that did not have legal standing to bring the case on behalf of his daughter because he did not have legal custody of her. Standing is a legal concept that only those with a legitimate stake in a caseБs outcome can be a party to a lawsuit. The current Massachusetts case challenges the Pledge from a different perspective than did Michael Newdow, who argued that Бunder GodБ in the Pledge violates the prohibition on the establishment of religion in the First Amendment of the U. S. Constitution. , the plaintiffs in this new case are arguing that the recitation of the pledge discriminates against non-believing students and thus violates the guarantee of equal rights contained in the Massachusetts Constitution.
Category: Topics:, Get Pew Research Center If you went to school in the United States, for all 12 years, from kindergarten to your senior year of high school, you had to recite the Pledge of Allegiance. In elementary school and middle school, most students do not know any different, and by the time students arrive in high school, the pledge has become ingrained in their daily routine. There's a lot of controversy surrounding this daily recitation of the pledge, but one of the main controversies is presented by the parents of Humanist and/or Atheist students, who suggest that their children should not have to recite the Pledge of Allegiance because it contrasts with their (lack of) religious beliefs. Since, it has been established that reciting the Pledge of Allegiance is voluntary, but students who choose not to say the pledge each morning can face the judgement and criticism of their peers and teachers.
In, the Massachusetts Supreme Judical Court rejected a challenge against the daily stating of the Pledge of Allegiance, arguing that the pledge is utilized to "instill the values of patriotism and good citizenship. " The Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court seems to have missed the point. It's important to note that the words "Under God" weren't actually in the original Pledge of Allegiance. They were to the pledge during 1952, in an effort to distinguish even more the United States from the (atheistic) Soviet Union during the Cold War. Since then, the United States has decided to keep the words "under God" in the Pledge of Sllegiance, despite the fact that the importance of religion in the United States has been declining. A 2016 study by the PEW Research Center highlighted that more and more US citizens are religiously unaffiliated and/or atheists. 22. 8% of adults defined themselves as unaffiliated in 2014, an increase from 16. 1% of adults in 2007. Atheists are judged harshly in America. A shocking by the PEW Research center found that US poll respondents were more likely to trust rapists than atheists, and that Americans would rather have a president in their 70s or one that had never held public office than an atheist.
This is one of the reasons that many atheistic Americans are scared to discuss their lack of religion. For students who do not identify with a religious belief, not saying "Under God" in the Pledge of Allegiance can lead to judgement and hatred from their fellow classmates. It's also necessary to point out that the phrase "Under God", because of its' utilization of a singular God caters mainly to the three large monotheistic religions -- Christianity. Judaism, and Islam. The pledge excludes also the many Americans who follow other religions which believe in the existence of more than one God. Every morning, when US students go to school and recite the Pledge of Allegiance, a population of young Americans is being forced (through a sort of peer pressure, since the pledge is technically voluntary) to recite every day something that they do not believe in. While some do not agree with the pledge in general, I start we at least start dealing with this problem in a less controversial way than eliminating the pledge all together: remove the words "Under God". Americans can continue honoring their state without being forced to blur the lines between church and state.
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