why do we have a coalition government
THERESA MayPformed a minority government after the Conservatives shock faltering at the 2017 General Election but there had been talk of a full-blown coalition with the DUP. The last coalition government was formed in 2010 between the Conservatives and the Lib Dems. Here s all you need to know about them. What is a coalition government? An overall majority needed by political parties to win a General Election is 326 seats. When a General Election results in no single political party winning an overall majority in the House of Commons, this is known as a hung parliament. Parties may decide to join together temporarily in order to obtain a clear majority. In what is known as a confidence and supply deal, a smaller party can agree to support its partner in budget bills and other cornerstone legislation but it is not a formal arrangement. Northern Ireland s DUP, which won ten seats in the 2017 snap election,. A fullPcoalition involves a definite pact between parties to form a majority. A coalition government may also be formed during a national difficultyPsuch as a war or economic crisis.
When was the last coalition government in the UK? The 2010 General Election in the UK failed to produce an overall majority. The result on May 6 2010 was the first hung parliament in 36 years. It sparked a series of negotiations that ended in the forming of the first coalition since the Second World War. The Conservatives, led by David Cameron, won the largest number of seats but fell short of the number required for an overall majority. Senior figures from both Labour, who had lost power, and the Conservatives met with representatives from the Lib Dems, led by Nick Clegg, with the aim of forming a coalition government. On May 12, 2010 a coalition deal between the Conservatives and the Lib Dems was signed. While Cameron becamePPrime Minister, Liberal Democrat leader Nick Clegg was appointed asPDeputy Prime Minister.
When is a coalition formed? A coalition can be formed as soon as the results are in, showing there is a hung parliament with no clear winner.
The magic number for a majority in Westminster is 326 seats. In the past, they have also been formed at times of national emergency. It can take anything from a few days to weeks to negotiate. What types of pact are there? The formal coalition between the Conservatives and in 2010 made them both parties of government. It had ministers from both parties and committed them to collective responsibility, with the parties expected to vote the same way on government legislation. A БrainbowБ coalition is a deal that applies to more than two parties, while a БgrandБ coalition is an unlikely situation in which the two biggest parties club together. Another possibility for a pact is a looser Бconfidence and supplyБ arrangement. This means the minor party or parties would commit to voting with the government on key events, such as the budget and QueenБs speech, but take all other votes on a case-by-case basis. This is what the SNP, the Greens and Ukip have said they would prefer. How do you build a coalition?
In a situation of no overall control, the incumbent government gets the first chance at creating a coalition. The incumbent party could also try to govern with a minority of MPs but it would have to pass a QueenБs speech with the help of another or more than one other party. If they cannot do this or create a formal coalition, the prime minister will have to resign. The leader of the largest opposition party may then be invited to form a government and may do so either as a minority or in coalition with another party or parties. There may be a period of confusion and flux if there are two large parties trying to form coalitions with smaller ones at the same time. It is possible there could be a situation where is talking to the Lib Dems and the SNP at the same time as the Tories are talking to the Liberal Democrats and the DUP. While all this is going on, the Queen will probably stay away from London and only come back when it is clear which parties are going to form a government and who will be prime minister.
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