why do we have the time change
Each year, in the
hours of a Sunday morning in March, 60 minutes from the clock and the reappears each year in November! No, it's not a magic trick в it's Saving! Saving (or в," as it's known in many parts of the world) was created to make better use of the sunlight hours of the summer. By в " clocks forward an in, we move an of from the morning to the evening. On the first Sunday in, we в back" and rewind our clocks to return to Standard. But where did Saving come from? And how is it useful? The idea was first suggested in an essay by in 1784, and later proposed to British Parliament by Englishman William Willett 1907. However, it did not become a standard practice in the United States until 1966. Saving was originally instituted in the United States during World War I and World War II in order to take of longer hours and save energy for the war production. In the years after World War II, individual states and communities decided whether they wanted to continue observing Saving and when to do so. This meant some cities were an behind others even though they were only separated by a few miles on a map. In order to minimize the confusion, passed the Uniform Act in 1966, which standardized the length of Saving for the country. Saving is most helpful to those who live farther from the equator, where hours are much longer in the summer than in the winter.
In locations closer to the equator, hours and nighttime hours are nearly the same in length throughout the year. That's why many cities and countries do not participate in Saving. In the United States, there are only a few places that do not observe Saving, including parts of Arizona, Hawaii, Puerto Rico, the U. S. Virgin Islands and American Samoa. There are currently about 70 countries that participate in Saving, though not necessarily on the same schedule as the United States. who recognizes Saving and when can sound like a very complicated math word problem. In Europe, Saving runs from the last Sunday in March through the first Sunday in October. In the southern, where the summer season begins in December, Saving is recognized from December through March. Kyrgyzstan and observe Saving year-round; countries do not observe Saving at all. Advocates in support of Saving suggest that in addition to reducing crime and automobile accidents, extended hours also improve energy by allowing people to use less energy to light their businesses and homes. studies argue the energy saved during Saving is offset by greater energy use during the darker and months. It's that time of year again where we turn the clocks backwards and all get one hour more in bed! The clocks will be going backward on Sunday 29 October at 2am - so you will probably be fast asleep tucked up in bed when it happens.
When the clocks change like this, we are moving from what is called British Summer Time (BST) - also known as Daylight Saving Time (DST) or GMT+1 - back to Greenwich Mean Time (GMT). In 2016 it was a particularly special year as it marked 100 years since we first changed our clocks like this. Once you've had a read about why we do this, have a go at our quiz at the end to see how much you've managed to remember. Whose idea was it to change the clocks? An American politician and inventor called Benjamin Franklin first came up with the idea while in Paris in 1784. He suggested that if people got up earlier, when it was lighter, then it would save on candles. Benjamin Franklin, who first came up with the idea of moving the clocks according to daylight But it arrived in the UK after Coldplay singer Chris Martin's great-great-grandfather, a builder called William Willett, thought it was a good idea too. In 1907, he published a leaflet called The Waste of Daylight, encouraging people to get out of bed earlier. Willett was a keen golfer and he got cross when his games would be cut short because the Sun went down and there wasn't enough light to carry on playing. When did we start changing our clocks? The idea of moving the clocks forwards and backwards was discussed by the government in 1908, but many people didn't like it so it wasn't made a law.
Willett spent his life trying to convince people that it was a good idea, but it was only introduced in the UK in 1916 - a year after he died. It was actually first introduced by the Germans in World World One, just before the UK did it. During World War Two, the UK actually used what was called British Double Summer Time (BDST), when the clocks were ahead by an extra hour during the summer. But this didn't last for very long. Now, the UK's clocks always go back by one hour on the last Sunday in October and forward by one hour on the last Sunday in March. Moving clocks like this is now done in some countries across the world, but many still don't do this. What do people think of it? Many people have different opinions about whether we should change our clocks like this. Some think having BST is a good thing because it saves energy, by making better use of natural daylight, and helps to reduce traffic accidents. Others don't like it because they argue that it doesn't actually save any energy, and it can make it darker when children are going to school in the morning, which can be dangerous. They also think it is not very good for our health. to see how much you've remembered about this!
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