why do we put the clocks forward and back
It's that time of year again where we turn the clocks backwards and all get one hour more in bed! The clocks will be going backward on Sunday 29 October at 2am - so you will probably be fast asleep tucked up in bed when it happens. When the clocks change like this, we are moving from what is called British Summer Time (BST) - also known as Daylight Saving Time (DST) or GMT+1 - back to Greenwich Mean Time (GMT). In 2016 it was a particularly special year as it marked 100 years since we first changed our clocks like this. Once you've had a read about why we do this, have a go at our quiz at the end to see how much you've managed to remember. Whose idea was it to change the clocks? An American politician and inventor called Benjamin Franklin first came up with the idea while in Paris in 1784. He suggested that if people got up earlier, when it was lighter, then it would save on candles. Benjamin Franklin, who first came up with the idea of moving the clocks according to daylight
But it arrived in the UK after Coldplay singer Chris Martin's great-great-grandfather, a builder called William Willett, thought it was a good idea too.
In 1907, he published a leaflet called The Waste of Daylight, encouraging people to get out of bed earlier. Willett was a keen golfer and he got cross when his games would be cut short because the Sun went down and there wasn't enough light to carry on playing. When did we start changing our clocks? The idea of moving the clocks forwards and backwards was discussed by the government in 1908, but many people didn't like it so it wasn't made a law. Willett spent his life trying to convince people that it was a good idea, but it was only introduced in the UK in 1916 - a year after he died. It was actually first introduced by the Germans in World World One, just before the UK did it. During World War Two, the UK actually used what was called British Double Summer Time (BDST), when the clocks were ahead by an extra hour during the summer. But this didn't last for very long. Now, the UK's clocks always go back by one hour on the last Sunday in October and forward by one hour on the last Sunday in March. Moving clocks like this is now done in some countries across the world, but many still don't do this.
What do people think of it? Many people have different opinions about whether we should change our clocks like this. Some think having BST is a good thing because it saves energy, by making better use of natural daylight, and helps to reduce traffic accidents. Others don't like it because they argue that it doesn't actually save any energy, and it can make it darker when children are going to school in the morning, which can be dangerous. They also think it is not very good for our health. to see how much you've remembered about this! TWICE every year our clocks change by oneб hour - with people either gaining or losing an hour of their precious sleep. The in the summer and a whole hour extra in bed when autumn arrives. But just what is the reason for the switches? In 2018, British Summer Time begins on March 25 When do the clocks change in 2018? This year, Sunday, March 25 marks the start of BST and clocks go forward by one hour. The change ensures that there is more more daylight in the evenings and less in the mornings. Greenwich Mean Time (GMT) will resume from the last Sunday in October (October 28) Б when the.
To avoid confusion, many use the phrase spring forward in spring, fall back in fall to remember when the clocks change. When do the clocks go forward and back? On Sunday, March 25 at 1am, clocks go forward one hour signalling the start of British Summer Time (BST). This means a whole hour less in bed but gives us more daylight later into the evening. BST will remain in place until October 28б Б when clocks go back by one hour at 2am and GMT resumes. The Summer Time Act of 1916 was passed by Parliament and the first day of British summer was reported as May 21, 1916 What is the history of British Summer Time? in a bid to stop people wasting valuable hours of light in the summer months. In summer the sun rises and sets one hour later than it would without daylight saving. In a pamphlet called БThe Waste of DaylightБ Willett suggested clocks should be advanced by 80 minutes over four stages in April, and reversed the same way in September. Germany became the first country to adopt the clock-changing plan on April 30, 1916, in order to save on coal usage, and on May 21, Britain followed, as World War One was underway.
The Summer Time Act of 1916 was passed by Parliament and the first day of British summer was reported as May 21, 1916. Supporters at the time of the proposal argued the scheme would save energy by reducing domestic coal consumption. They also said it would increase supplies available for manufacturing the war effort during WW1. It has been in place ever since Б despite criticism from some groups. Some critics argue BST should be completely abolished and Britain should operate on GMT permanently. They argue there is little practical gain from changing the time twice a year and the process is disruptive to schools and business. Do smartphone clocks update themselves automatically? Luckily, when theб clocks change, most devices connected to the internet like tablets, iPhones and other smart phones will update automatically. However it s still best to check so you don t get caught out. The clocks in your kitchen and in your car are unlikely to update, likewise your watch and any other clocks around the house will need to be manually changed.
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