why do we need a constitution give any three reasons
Hi! A Constitution is a framework for the functioning of the institutions of a country and the rules of governance of a state. The purpose of the Constitution is as follows:
It establishes the ideals which the people aspire to achieve and uphold. It lays out the type of political, social and economic system that are to be adopted and promoted by the state. It provides a set of rules that form the basis of governance and administration of the country and are agreed upon by all communities that live in the country. It also guards against the misuse of power. It ensures that a dominant group does not use its power against other people. It guarantees certain fundamental rights to all citizens of the state.
It provides safeguards against decisions that are detrimental to the larger interest of the country. Cheers! Thumbs up!!! A constitution is not needed by the country, but rather by its population. To understand how and why it is needed, we must harken back to the olden Roman times (archaism intentional, purely for stylistic purpose). Rome, like most ancient civilisations, did not have written laws. Whenever there was any dispute, the Senate, formed by the elderly patricians, was called to action. This was a very conservative system, not only were the Senators elderly and not elected, but they were members of the upper class.
Their role was to know, interpret and apply customs when the dispute must be settled. This was a tremendous power, that they could use almost at whim to assert the privileges of the upper class when patricians and plebeians (the people) were in dispute. But as literacy spread (why do I remember McLuhan so often? ), the plebeians came up with the idea that they wanted those customs written down. This claim is revolutionary because it implies two things: That the people wanted to know the law they had to obey. Knowing the law gives you, in theory, the power to avoid punishment for breaking it. They didn't want the law to be amended, changed or forgotten as the Senators saw fit.
Fixing the law into written form meant to revoke the indiscrimnate jurisprudential power from the Senate. Here it was born the concept of clear separation between legislation and justice. Soon after the Twelve Tables were written, plebeians noticed that the laws were very strict and biased against the people. They then started to work towards changing them. Thus we know the two main reasons why written laws are desirable: Known laws can be evaluated as good and bad, noxious or beneficial, and improved or revoked. As the written law supersedes tradition, changes can be effected by editing the text, instead of waiting for the customs to change.
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