why does the top of my ear hurt
Occipital neuralgia is a distinct type of headache characterized by piercing, throbbing, or electric-shock-like chronic pain in the upper neck, back of the head, and behind the ears, usually on one side of the head. P Typically, the pain of occipital neuralgia begins in the neck and then spreads upwards. P Some individuals will also experience pain in the scalp, forehead, and behind the eyes. P Their scalp may also be tender to the touch, and their eyes especially sensitive to light. P The location of pain is related to the areas supplied by the greater and lesser occipital nerves, which run from the area where the spinal column meets the neck, up to the scalp at the back of the head.
P The pain is caused by irritation or injury to the nerves, which can be the result of trauma to the back of the head, pinching of the nerves by overly tight neck muscles, compression of the nerve as it leaves the spine due to osteoarthritis, or tumors or other types of lesions in the neck. P Localized inflammation or infection, gout, diabetes, blood vessel inflammation (vasculitis), and frequent lengthy periods of keeping the head in a downward and forward position are also associated with occipital neuralgia.
P In many cases, however, no cause can be found. P A positive response (relief from pain) after an anesthetic nerve block will confirm the diagnosis.
in children are common. They can be caused by fluid behind the eardrum, an, or an infection in the ear canal (also known as ). Kids under 5 years old are at risk for ear infections, especially after upper respiratory infections. ear pain (especially when chewing, sucking, or lying down) Call the doctor to have your child's checked. Give or as needed to relieve pain (check instructions carefully for correct amount).
If an antibiotic is prescribed, make sure your child finishes all of the medicine as instructed. Think Prevention! Make sure your kids get the and the, which may reduce their odds of getting middle ear infections. Do not with cotton swabs or sharp objects. Avoid and anyone with a cold (both can increase the likelihood of ear infections). Make sure kids get in the habit of, especially after playing around other kids. Don't give a bottle when your baby is lying down. Ask the doctor if earplugs and alcohol ear drops are a good idea for a child who swims a lot.
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