why do we give money to foreign countries
WhatБs the situation? The UKБs international reputation is suffering at the moment, with David Cameron castigated Europe-wide for his
response to the refugee crisis. He has now promised to resettle an extra 20,000 Syrian refugees by 2020, which chancellor George Osborne suggests will be to provide support for local councils in housing, social and health care for the refugees. So far BritainБs response to the refugee crisis seems pretty minimal compared to Germany which says it could take in. But in reality, as the prime minister has pointed out, the UK is already a significant contributor of foreign aid. The UK spent $19bn on foreign aid last year, compared to $16bn from Germany and $10bn from France In 2013, the UK joined a select group of countries that had reached the target of donating 0. 7% of their national income on foreign aid. Of the of the OECDБs Development Assistance Committee (DAC), only Norway, Sweden, Denmark and Luxembourg spent more than 0. 7% of their national income in foreign aid in 2013. That same year, the to hit the international target, spending бе11. 4bn Б about бе180 per person Б on aid. for 2014 show donor money has increased further, with the UK spending 0. 71% of its gross domestic income (GDI) on foreign aid. Where does the money go? The of the Department for International Development (DfID) which allocates the money cover health and economic growth, among others. Nearly 40% of the budget goes to multilateral organisations including the UN and the Global Fund to Fight Aids, Tuberculosis and Malaria, while the remaining funds go in bilateral aid Б money sent to developing countries. The most recent from 2013 show Pakistan, Ethiopia and Bangladesh received the most in bilateral aid from the UK. To date, with бе501m going to Syria, бе239m to Lebanon and бе183m to Jordan. So which were the most generous countries in 2014? The US donated the most funds (net) in foreign aid. But when looking at the percentage of the countryБs national income given to foreign aid, the US contribution is less impressive. It spent 0. 19% of its national income, which is the same percentage as Portugal and Japan. Out of the DAC countries, Sweden was the most generous Б it was the first to meet the 0. 7% target in 1974 Б donating 1. 1% of its GNI to foreign aid, which works out at about $6. 2bn.
Next came Luxembourg, at 1. 07%, then Norway at 0. 99% and Denmark at 0. 85%. The UK was fifth, higher than Germany at 0. 41%, France at 0. 36% and Switzerland at 0. 49%. In total the UK spent $19bn on foreign aid last year, compared to $16bn from Germany and $10bn from France. Who are the other big spenders? The country that donated the most to foreign aid in terms of percentage of GNI was the United Arab Emirates (a non-DAC country), and it sent 1. 17% of its national income to development aid, after providing substantial assistance to Egypt. This is equivalent to $4bn, close to what Australia put towards aid. But for Australia, the $4bn is only 0. 27% of its national income. While part of the UKБs aid budget goes to Bric countries Б Brazil, Russia, India and China which have the worldБs largest and fastest emerging-market economies Б they also donate significant amounts in foreign aid. , foreign aid expenditure of the Bric countries increased from about $1. 5bn in 2005 to approximately $4. 2bn in 2011. Which countries donated the least? Out of the DAC countries, those which seemed to give the least in development assistance are the Slovak Republic donating 0. 08% of its GNI, the Czech Republic, Greece and Slovenia at 0. 11%, Korea at 0. 13% and Spain at 0. 14%. Including non-DAC countries, Israel and Latvia were the lowest, donating 0. 07% and 0. 08% respectively. Iceland technically donated the least out of the DAC countries, at $35m, but thatБs 0. 21% of its GNI: 0. 2% higher than AmericaБs contribution. Out of the 34 countries listed as donors by the OECD, Latvia donated the least with $25m, which is just 0. 08% of its national income. But that was a 3% increase on its donations the previous year, when more than half of the members cut their aid budgets from 2013 to 2014. JapanБs was cut by 15. 3% to $9bn, Australia saw cuts of 7. 2% to $4. 2bn, while Spain cut its funding by 20. 3% to $1. 8bn. Britain on the other hand, saw a 1. 2% increase in foreign aid funding. So what does the public think?
Although foreign aid is a contentious issue, researchers at the London School of Economics say the public seems to be happy with the UKБs spending on foreign aid. However, surveys released in June show rather than need. So perhaps weБre not as altruistic as we thought. of development professionals and humanitarians. Follow on Twitter. It's no secret US President Donald Trump is not a fan of foreign aid. Early on in his campaign for the top job, he was quoted saying America should stop foreign aid to "countries that hate us". Now, he's issued a similar threat to countries if they vote in favour of a UN General Assembly vote. So which countries actually receive aid from the US? Countries asked to acknowledge the historical friendship, partnership, and support US has extended Trump: "Let them vote against us. We'll save a lot. " What is the US currently giving and why is this a big deal? A lot. Numbers from 2015 show the US was the largest single donor country of foreign aid in the world. The Security Assistance Economic Aid dashboard shows this year the US spent $18. 25 billion in economic aid to 92 recipients, and $18. 23 billion in security aid to 143 recipients. [Recipients includes individual countries, international organisations, and groups of countries. ] In a story for The Conversation earlier this year, Georgia State University's Joannie Tremblay-Boire, said only countries considered low and middle-income, based on their gross national income, were eligible for the money, which totalled $43 billion in 2015. And she said while it seemed like a lot, it accounted for about 1 per cent of the total US budget. Any cuts could have big impacts internationally. "While taxpayers are spending just a few bucks each on ODA [official development assistance], the impact is profound, saving millions of people from hunger, averting the worst of natural disasters like droughts and flooding, tackling life-threatening diseases like tuberculosis and malaria, and more," she wrote. "Military aid includes military financing, which our allies use to buy weapons, funding intended to advance counterterrorism and anti-narcotics initiatives, and money spent on efforts related to military operations in Iraq, Afghanistan and other nations. " Who is getting the most?
In terms of regions, the Middle East and North Africa receive the most of the economic assistance. The Sub-Saharan Africa region receives $US1. 2 billion в 25. 32 per cent of the budget. In terms of individual countries, the following receive the most in economic [not security] aid: Afghanistan ($US650,000,000) Jordan ($US635,800,000) Kenya ($US632,500,000) Tanzania ($US534,500,000) Uganda ($US435,500,000) Zambia ($US428,525,000) Nigeria ($US413,300,000) In terms of security aid, the countries receiving the most help are: Israel ($US3. 2 billion) Iraq ($US1. 3 billion) Egypt ($US1. 3 billion) Syria ($US541,500,000) Jordan ($US364,200,000) Hasn't Mr Trump cut foreign aid anyway? Yep. It was a key component of his with the State Department and US Agency for International Development budget cut by almost 30 per cent. The document, dubbed America First, A Budget Blueprint to Make America Great Again, said it would include "deep cuts to foreign aid". "It is time to prioritise the security and wellbeing of Americans, and to ask the rest of the world to step up and pay its fair share," the statement read. He reiterated this rhetoric in a Washington Post interview. "But you look at some of our inner cities," Mr Trump said. "And yet you know I watched as we built schools in Iraq and they'd be blown up. "And we'd build another one and it would get blown up в And yet we can't build a school in Brooklyn. "We have no money for education, because we can't build in our own country. "And at what point do you say, 'Hey, we have to take care of ourselves'? " What has the US said ahead of the UN vote? Well, the US has sent a warning letter to most of the 193 UN member states, and Mr Trump confirmed its position to reporters. "They take hundreds of millions of dollars and even billions of dollars, and then they vote against us," he told reporters at the White House. "Well, we're watching those votes. "Let them vote against us. We'll save a lot. We don't care. " The US ambassador to the United Nations took to Twitter to back the President. External Link External Link
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