why do we need rules in society
The question you ask is closely related to what in social theory is called the problem of social order, said to be framed originally by Thomas Hobbes in the 17th century. P Hobbes noted that humans are similar enough to pursue similar ends but differ in natural and acquired resources or means of attainment. P Hence conflict arises. To manage such conflict, Hobbes argued, humans must create and obey a central authority for a civilized (non-violent) version of conflict to prevail -- such as a set of laws and enforcement mechanisms (e. g. , police, courts) that are able to control conflict and keep it within peaceful bounds.
P Today, there is much ongoing research, some experimental, in the social sciences that bears upon the problem. P Such research is empirical and scientific-theoretical and yet as Hobbes would argue, relates to fundamental issues of a normative character such as how can we produce and maintain a good society? P Central authority is not the final answer because legitimation of authority is necessary (see Max Weber, early 20th century sociologist). P The Syrian situation emerged when sufficient lack of leglitimation of the regime led to protests that were met with force, the ultimate arbiter of conflicts but which leads to the issue of how to restore social order under such conditions.
P So the question you raise and the theory and empirical research in fields such as sociology and political science are quite relevant to any answer even if is treated as a scientific problem.
It seems that people don't like rules as they represent a kind of restrictions, but in fact life can't be organized without rules. People always need rules and laws to be able to live and deal together. Can you imagine even a game without rules; of course it will be a kind of mess. When they are playing a game, they must follow its rules or it will be unfair.
Also everything in our life should be restricted with rules or it becomes a mess and unfair. If there are no rules and everyone is free to do whatever they want, most people will probably behave selfishly. We need rules to help us get a long together and show respect to each other. For example in schools, if a student ignores rule against talking in class, the teacher will not be able to achieve his goal and other students can't concentrate. Drivers who don't follow traffic laws can cause serious accidents. Doctors, engineers, farmers, everyone in the society must behave under rules. Most things we do are governed by rules which may be unwritten like the rules of social politeness and back up by the legal system.
All the rules and laws have the same purpose. They organized the relations between individuals and the society to make it clear what is right and wrong and what happens if someone breaks the rules. They are designed to ensure fairness, safety and respect for other people's right. Most of us are basically honest, and knowing the rules means that we usually try to follow them. One reason we do is to avoid punishment, but the strongest argument for following the rules is to make the world peaceful and fair.
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