why do we get white spots on your nails

White spots or dots on your nails are common. Several issues can cause them. These possible causes include:
An allergy to a nail polish, gloss, hardener, or nail polish remover may cause white spots on your nails. The use of acrylic or gel nails can also badly damage your nails and may cause these white spots. A common nail fungus called white superficial onychomycosis can appear on the toenails. The first sign of the infection may be a few small white dots on the nails. The infection can grow and spread to the nail bed. Toenails may appear flaky and then become thick and brittle. An injury at the base of your fingernail can cause white spots or dots on your nail as it grows. However, because of the time it takes for your fingernails to grow, you may not recall the injury. Some injuries will not show up for four weeks or more. Frequent manicures may also cause damage that results in these white spots on your nails. Pressure applied by the manicurist may damage the nail beds.


You may notice white spots or dots along your nails if you are deficient in certain minerals or vitamins. The deficiencies most commonly linked to this issue are and. renal, or, failure or While possible, these causes are very rare. Your doctor will likely explore a host of other conditions if you have persistent white spots on your nails before considering these more serious issues. This condition is a whitening of the entire nail. This may be a clinical sign of hypoalbuminaemia (low ), which can be seen in nephrotic syndrome (a form of kidney failure), liver failure, protein malabsorption and protein-losing. A condition, and a side effect of (a family of ) can also cause this appearance. This condition is whitening of parts of the nail plate in form of small white dots. There are several types of this condition. There are three different variations of partial leukonychia; punctate, transverse and longitudinal leukonychia. Some more serious variations of leukonychia partialis may lead to Leukonychia totalis.


Leukonychia striata, transverse leukonychia, or are a whitening or discoloration of the nail in bands or "stria" that run parallel the (nail base). This is commonly caused by physical injury or disruption of the nail matrix. Common examples include excessive tapping of the nails, slamming a car door or extensive use of manicure. It may also occur in great toenails as a result of trauma from footwear. Alternatively, the condition can be caused by poisoning most commonly by. It can also be caused by or. The tendency toward leukonychia striata is sometimes inherited in an. In other cases, it can be attributed to vigorous manicuring and trauma aforementioned, or to a wide variety of systemic illnesses. Serious infections known for high fevers, and may also cause this condition. In many patients, there is no obvious cause, and the streaks resolve spontaneously. There is a similar condition called (apparent leukonychia) which differs from leukonychia in that the lines fade with digital compression and does not migrate with the growth of the nail.


Also known as "true" leukonychia, this is the most common form of leukonychia, in which small white spots appear on the nails. Picking and biting of the nails are a prominent cause in young children and nail biters. Besides, air that is trapped between the cells may also cause this appearance. It is also caused by trauma. In most cases, when white spots appear on a single or a couple of fingers or toes, the most common cause is injury to the base (matrix) of the nail. When this is the case, white spots disappear after around eight months, which is the amount of time necessary for nails to regrow completely. The pattern and number of spots may change as the nail grows. Longitudinal leukonychia is far less common and features smaller 1mm white longitudinal lines visible under the nail plate. It may be associated with.

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