why do we have laws and legal systems

What is a Law? DonБt run with scissors in your hand! DonБt drive your car on the sidewalk! Do not steal your neighborБs property! How many times a day does someone tell you what to do? How often do you have to stop yourself from doing what you want, because you know that this action is prohibited or wrong? In the United States, it seems like we have laws, rules, and regulations to oversee just about everything. We donБt always like these rules, since they often mean that someone is telling us what to do, or keeping us from doing what we want. Yet to live in a civil society, we must have some rules to follow. Who gets to make these rules? Where do they come from? What happens when we break them? These are the questions this page will seek to answer for you. aws are rules that bind all people living in a community. protect our general safety, and ensure our rights as citizens against abuses by other people, by organizations, and by the government itself. б We have laws to help provide for our general safety. б These exist at the local, state and national levels, and include things like:
We also have laws that protect our rights as citizens, and which include things like: 9.


The following terms introduce you to the law and basic legal terminology. Below are the definitions. Find the definition for each term. 1. a body that is appointed to make a judgement or inquiry tribunal 2. a country's body of judges __________ 3. an act or acts passed by a law-making body __________ 4. behaviour recognized by a community as binding or enforceable by authority ____________ 5. legal proceedings __________ 6. an official body that has authority to try criminals, resolve disputes, or make other legal decisions __________ 7. an organization responsible for enforcing the law, especially the police _________ 8. a senior official in a court of law __________ 9. the body or system of rules recognized by a community that are enforceable by established process _______________ 10. the control resulting from following a community's system of rules _________ 11. members of the legal profession ______________ 12. to rule a society and control the behaviour of its members _______________ Lawyer is a wide term which refers to all professionals working in the legal profession; it does not refer to a specific job. 10.


Complete the following text about basic legal concepts using the following words and phrases. Use each term once. Why do we have laws and? At one level, laws can be seen as a type of_______________which is meant to______________behaviour between people. We can find these rules in nearly all social organizations, such as families and sports clubs. Law, the body of official rules and regulations, generally found in constitutions and_______________, is used to govern a society and to control the behaviour of its members. In modern societies, a body with ______________, such as a______________or the legislature, makes the law; and a_______________, such as the police, makes sure it is observed.


In addition to enforcement, a body of expert______________is needed to apply the law. This is the role of_______________, the body of______________in a particular country. Of course, legal systems vary between countries, as well as the basis for bringing a case before a court or_______________. One thing, however, seems to be true all over the world - starting a_______________is both expensive and time-consuming. Nouns in English can be divided into countable and uncountable. Countable nouns have a singular and a plural form; uncountable nouns have only one form. Law is a countable noun; legislation is an uncountable noun. 11. One way of classifying and understanding the law is by subject matter. Lawyers often divide the law and the legal system into two: criminal law and civil law. Classify the following terms into the appropriate column below. Two terms can appear in both columns.

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