why do we celebrate bonfire night u k

November 5 is Bonfire Night, also known as Guy Fawkes Night and Fireworks Night, and you have probably celebrated it since you were very young. It is a British tradition to mark the failed attempt by the Catholic, Guy Fawkes and his fellow conspiratorsВto blow up the Houses of Parliament в and the Protestant King James I в back in 1605. Today we mark the occasion with bonfires and fireworks and there are many places to see the fireworks this year, especially in, where there will be an estimated 60,00 people attending. King James I interrogates Guy Fawkes about his part in the gunpowder plot to blow up Parliament, 1605 (Picture: Getty Images)
What is the story behind Bonfire Night? In November 1605, the Gunpowder Plot took place in which some Catholics, most famously Guy Fawkes, plotted to blow up King James I. The story is celebrated on 5 November when вGuysв are burned in a celebration known as вBonfire Nightв. The story comes from anger harboured by Catholics towards James I as they expected him to be more tolerant of them.

The gunpowder plot conspirators meet, to discuss the blowing up of the Houses of Parliment, L-R: Bates, Robert Winter, Christopher Wright, John Wright, Thomas Percy, Guy Fawkes, Robert Catesby (leader), and Thomas Winter (Picture: Getty Images) However, James I enraged Catholics by ordering all Catholic priests to leave England which caused the gunpowder plot conspirators to plot his death. Roman Catholic rebels plotted to blow up the parliament and kill the King. Fawkes was an explosives expert and his fellow conspirators rented out a house beside the Houses of Parliament. They smuggled in 36 barrels of gunpowder into a cellar of the House of Lords. However, the plan failed asВ Fawkes was caught at the very last moment before lighting the fuse. Subsequently, Fawkes was arrested and sent to the Tower of London where he was tortured and he gave away the names of the fellow conspirators.

In January 1606, Fawkes, along with some of his conspirators, were hung, drawn and quartered. As a result of the failed plot, JamesВ I celebrated his survival by making the people of England have a bonfire on the night on 5 November. More: Traditionally, this fire contained an effigy of the Pope rather than Fawkes and this custom was used in the 13th century to ward of evil spirits. The effigy of Fawkes was used later to symbolise Fawkesв failed attempt to blow up parliament. Today, many effigies are used that are called вguysв. These effigies come in the shape of many world leaders today and figures of the past. MORE: MORE: On 5 November, people all over the UK will have bonfire parties This weekend, people all over the UK will be lighting bonfires and enjoying fireworks. This is to celebrate Bonfire Night. While it might just seem like a great opportunity to have some fun with friends and family, there is actually a historical reason why we do this.

So where did it all come from? What is Bonfire Night? On 5 November, people across the UK celebrate Bonfire Night with fireworks, bonfires, sparklers and toffee apples. Some might have small fireworks parties in their back gardens, while towns and villages may put on organised displays in public parks. Many people enjoy playing with sparklers on Bonfire Night. Remember, if you're doing this, always ask an adult and get them to supervise you! The reason we do it is because it's the anniversary of an attempt to blow up the Houses of Parliament. This was called the Gunpowder Plot. When we light bonfires to remember this event, traditionally there will be a dummy man on the top of them. He is called the 'Guy' and is a kind of doll that represents a man who was part of the plot, called Guy Fawkes. What was the Gunpowder Plot? Guy (Guido) Fawkes was part of the Gunpowder plot in 1605.

He wanted to blow up King James I and his government. People also celebrate Bonfire Night with fireworks, as they use explosives similar to what Guy Fawkes hid under the Houses of Parliament This was because of religion. England was a Protestant country and the plotters were Catholic. They wanted England to be Catholic again, which they thought they could do if they killed King James I and his ministers. So, Fawkes and his group put 36 barrels of gunpowder in cellars underneath the Houses of Parliament in London, ready to set off a massive explosion. However, one member of Fawkes' group sent a letter to his friend who worked in Parliament, warning him to stay away on 5 November. The King's supporters got hold of the letter and the plot was rumbled! Guards broke into the cellars where the gunpowder plotters were waiting. They were arrested and executed. To find out some more firework facts before Bonfire Night,!

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