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why do we get hangovers after drinking

WhatPis a hangover and what are its symptoms? Hangovers vary from person to person, but usually involve a headache, nausea, tiredness and dehydration. Dehydration is one of the main causes of your hangover symptoms. A hangover can leave you struggling to concentrate, feeling irritable and sensitive to light not a good combination if you were planning to make the most of the day and not spend it in bed. The main cause of a hangover is ethanol the alcohol in your drinks. It's a toxic chemical that works in the body as a diuretic, which means it makes you pee more and you can become dehydrated as a result. Dehydration is one of the main causes of your hangover symptoms. Ever wondered how much alcohol is too much? How to preventPanother hangover? To avoid recurrence of hangovers, keep track of what you're drinking and stay within the. Our
drink tracking tool can help you keep track. Avoid alcohol on an empty stomach as it increases the risk of experiencingPhangover symptoms. Food helps slow down the rate your body absorbs alcohol. Try not to get into rounds. They make it harder to control how much you drink. Drink plenty of water or soft drinks in between alcoholic drinks to avoid dehydration, one of the most prevalent hangover symptoms. Your body takes about one hour to process each unit of alcohol. Consider stopping drinking well before the end of the evening, so the process can begin before you go to bed and the chances of suffering a hangover the following day are kept to a minimum. Drink plenty of water before hitting the sack and keep more by the bed. How can you curePa hangover? As well as water, drink fresh juice to give yourself a vitamin boost.

If you really need it, take a painkiller and an antacid to settle your stomach and alleviate. Try a rehydration treatment sachet they replace lost minerals and salt. Eat something - bananas and kiwis are examples of food you can eat to help cure a hangover as they are a a good source of potassium (a mineral you lose when you drink because of the diuretic effect of alcohol). Avoid hair of the dog it only delays the problem. Need help cutting down? Check out some tips It s New Year s Day, which means that many of us are experiencing a hangover. We ve all had them before - well, of drinkers anyway - and despite their often horrendous nature, they don t seem to put us off getting boozy. But why do we actually get them, what is it about drinking too much alcohol that makes you feel like you want to crawl into a hole and cry the next morning? Let s find out some of the science behind the morning after. While we re all familiar with the delightful symptoms of a hangover (headache, trembling, nausea, fatigue, dehydration, diarrhea, etc), scientists actually understand relatively little about what causes them. For many years, dehydration was blamed as the primary cause for hangovers. Alcohol is a diuretic, meaning it makes you pee more and hence makes you lose water. It does this by, which prevents you from urinating excessively. Also, if you re shotting whisky or some other favorite tipple, you re probably not drinking much water. But even after you ve necked two pints of water as soon as you fall out of bed in the morning, you probably still feel dreadful. PrinceOfLove, Shutterstock. As points out, scientists have found that, in general, the levels of electrolytes (minerals in our bodily fluids) aren t significantly different between controls and people with hangovers, and even if they have spotted differences, they didn t seem to correlate with the severity of the hangover.

Furthermore, other studies have found no links between hormones associated with dehydration and hangover severity. So, dehydration probably isn t responsible for the majority of your hangover, but it might give you a banging headache. These are an unfortunate of your body attempting to restore fluid levels. Your blood vessels narrow, restricting the flow of blood and oxygen to the brain, which then tries to compensate by dilating its blood vessels, which can cause swelling. Although the brain itself can t feel pain, the discomfort may result from pain receptors in the lining that surrounds our brain. So we ve covered headaches, but what makes our stomach churn the morning after? Alcohol actually , causing inflammation of the stomach lining and delayed emptying of the stomach contents. It also causes us to produce more gastric acid alongside increasing the levels of pancreatic and intestinal secretions. Both of these can lead to that delightful nausea we often experience, or even cause us to throw up. Another candidate for the origin of a hangover is a toxic compound called, which builds up as a byproduct as our body processes alcohol. It s thought to be up to 30 times more toxic than alcohol itself, and has been found to produce hangover-like symptoms in studies. One final intriguing hypothesis is that hangovers are actually the result of our immune systems. One found that people with hangovers also had high levels of, which are substances secreted by immune cells that are involved in inflammation and cellular communication.

Normally, these help us fight off infections, but if you inject large enough doses into healthy people, they like nausea, headache and fatigue. Furthermore, some lines of evidence have hinted that abnormally high levels of cytokines could disrupt memory formation in the brain, which could help explain why many of us wake up totally oblivious of our late night shenanigans. So why do some people get worse hangovers than others? Well, some studies have suggested that it could be, but different studies have produced conflicting results. Some found that adolescents could tolerate hangovers better than adults, which has been supported by many animal studies, but a large Danish study that was conducted recently also found the opposite: hangovers actually seemed to decrease with age. It seems the jury is still out on this one. Another contributing factor is your choice of tipple. Different alcoholic beverages have varying amounts of compounds called, which are sometimes produced during the fermentation process or added in afterwards. Some studies have found that beverages high in congeners, like brandy and red wine, are much more likely to result in a hangover than drinks with few or no congeners, like gin and vodka. However, a more recent study found that congener content didn t actually cause differing effects on sleep, reaction time or memory the next day, despite participants reporting feeling worse on high-congener drinks. So, they might make us feel like dirt, but they don t seem to be affecting our performance. Happy hangover! Akos Nagy, Shutterstock.

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