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why do we get cramp in your legs

If youБve had a, you probably know it wasnБt a comfortable ride. These spasms usually happen at night and affect your
muscle. The tight, knotted sensation you feel lasts several seconds to several minutes. Sometimes the pain lingers. If the cramp is severe, your muscle may be sore for days afterward. Men and women are equally prone to leg cramps. While they can strike people of all ages, if youБre 50 or older you might get them more often. As painful as they feel, leg cramps are harmless. What Causes Leg Cramps? Experts donБt know for sure, but it may be that your nerves sent the wrong signals to your muscles. One theory: Your might mistakenly tell your leg to move while you. That confuses your muscles and causes them to contract incorrectly. Whatever the cause, more likely to get a leg cramp if you: Overwork your muscles. Sit too long without moving. DonБt drink enough water. Stand too long on hard surfaces. Other things can raise the likelihood of leg cramps, including: Some hormone disorders, such as Imbalances in chemicals in your body, such as, and Certain can also cause leg cramps. These include: High to treat Medications for ( Next time a leg cramp strikes, try any of these: Stretch the muscle. Stand on the cramped leg. the muscle. Flex your foot. Grab your toes and pull them toward you. Ice the cramp. Take a warm bath. Stretch during the day and before bed. Focus on your calf and foot muscles. Drink plenty of water. Move around during the day to your feet and legs. Wear comfortable, supportive shoes. under loose covers, especially if you on your back. And that old advice about eating bananas for leg cramps? ItБs true. The potassium helps. You might also add multivitamins with magnesium and zinc.

If you have frequent and severe leg cramps, talk to your doctor. You'll want to make sure there's not a health problem causing the cramps. Your doctor might also prescribe medication. Drugs don't always work for leg cramps, and they can cause harmful side effects. The anti- drug, for example, was once used for leg cramps, but doctors and the FDA no longer recommend it -- side effects include severe bleeding. б 2018 WebMD, LLC. All rights reserved. Successful treatment for alcohol-related liver disease (ARLD) often depends on whether someone is willing to stop drinking alcohol and make changes to their lifestyle. Treatment forPARLD involves stopping drinking alcohol. This is known as abstinence, which can be vital, depending on what stage the condition is at. If you have fatty liver disease, the damage may be reversed if you abstain from alcohol for at least 2Pweeks. After this point, it's usually safe to start drinking again if you stick to theP. If you have a more serious form of ARLD alcoholic hepatitisPor life-long abstinence is recommended. PThis is because stopping drinking is the only way to prevent your liver damage getting worse and potentially stop you dying of liver disease. Stopping drinking isn't easy, especially as an estimated 70% of people with ARLD have an alcohol dependency problem. Nevertheless, if you have alcohol-related cirrhosis or alcoholic hepatitis and don't stop drinking, no medical or surgical treatment can prevent liver failure. If you're abstaining from alcohol, you may suffer withdrawal symptoms. These will be at their worst for the first 48 hours, but should start to improve as your body adjusts to being without alcohol.

This usually takes 3Pto 7Pdays from the time of your last drink. Many people initially experiencePdisturbed sleep when abstaining from alcohol, butPin most cases their sleep pattern returns to normal within a month. In some cases,Pyou may be advised to reduce your alcohol intake in a gradual and planned way to help avoid withdrawal problems. You may also be offeredPa medication called a benzodiazepine and psychological therapy, such as cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT), to help you through the withdrawal process. Some peoplePneed to stay in hospital or a specialist rehabilitation clinic during the initial withdrawal phases, soPtheirPprogress can be closely monitored. If you'rePstaying at home, you'll regularly see a nurse or other health professional. You might see them at home, at your GP surgery or at a specialist NHS service. Once you've stoppedPdrinking, you mayPneed furtherPtreatment to help ensure you don'tPstart drinking again. The first treatment usually offeredPis psychological therapy. This involvesPseeing a therapist to talk about your thoughts and feelings, and how these affect your behaviour and wellbeing. If psychological therapy alone isn't effective, you may also need medication to help you abstain from alcohol, such as:P Read our page onP PforPmore information on the treatments offered. Many people with alcohol dependence find it useful to attend self-help groups to help them stop drinking. One of the most well-known is, but there arePmany other groups that can help. SeeP Pfor more information about the help available. Pis common in people with ARLD, so it's important to eat aP to help ensure you get all the nutrients you need. Avoiding salty foods and not adding salt to foods you eat can reduce your risk of developing swelling in your legs, feet and abdomen (tummy) caused by a build-up of fluid.

P The damage to your liver can also mean it's unable to store glycogen aPcarbohydrate that provides short-term energy. When this happens, the body uses its own muscle tissue to provide energy between meals, which leads to muscle wasting and weakness. Therefore, you may need extra energy and protein in your diet. Healthy snacking between meals can top up your calories and protein. It may also be helpful to eat 3Por 4Psmall meals a day, rather than 1Por 2Plarge meals. Your GP can advise you on a suitable diet or, in some cases, refer you to a dietitian. In the most serious cases of malnutrition, nutrients may need to be provided through a feeding tubePinserted through the nose and into the stomach. The use of medication to directlyPtreatPARLD is controversial. Many experts have arguedPthere's limited evidence for its effectiveness. For people with severe alcoholic hepatitis, treatment in hospital may be necessary. Specific treatment withPcorticosteroidsPor pentoxifylline medication may be used to reduce inflammation of the liver in some people with this condition. Nutritional support (see above) is also an important part of treatment in these cases. ropylthiouracil (a type of medicine originally designed to treat However, there's a lack of good evidence that these help and they're no longer used for severe alcoholic hepatitis. In the most serious cases of ARLD, the liver loses its ability to function, leading toPliver failure. AP Pis currently the only way to cure irreversible liver failure. you develop progressive liver failure, despite not drinking alcohol

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