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why do we change the clocks twice a year

It's that time of year again where we turn the clocks backwards and all get one hour more in bed! The clocks will be going backward on Sunday 29 October at 2am - so you will probably be fast asleep tucked up in bed when it happens. When the clocks change like this, we are moving from what is called British Summer Time (BST) - also known as Daylight Saving Time (DST) or GMT+1 - back to Greenwich Mean Time (GMT). In 2016 it was a particularly special year as it marked 100 years since we first changed our clocks like this. Once you've had a read about why we do this, have a go at our quiz at the end to see how much you've managed to remember. Whose idea was it to change the clocks? An American politician and inventor called Benjamin Franklin first came up with the idea while in Paris in 1784. He suggested that if people got up earlier, when it was lighter, then it would save on candles. Benjamin Franklin, who first came up with the idea of moving the clocks according to daylight
But it arrived in the UK after Coldplay singer Chris Martin's great-great-grandfather, a builder called William Willett, thought it was a good idea too. In 1907, he published a leaflet called The Waste of Daylight, encouraging people to get out of bed earlier.

Willett was a keen golfer and he got cross when his games would be cut short because the Sun went down and there wasn't enough light to carry on playing. When did we start changing our clocks? The idea of moving the clocks forwards and backwards was discussed by the government in 1908, but many people didn't like it so it wasn't made a law. Willett spent his life trying to convince people that it was a good idea, but it was only introduced in the UK in 1916 - a year after he died. It was actually first introduced by the Germans in World World One, just before the UK did it. During World War Two, the UK actually used what was called British Double Summer Time (BDST), when the clocks were ahead by an extra hour during the summer. But this didn't last for very long. Now, the UK's clocks always go back by one hour on the last Sunday in October and forward by one hour on the last Sunday in March. Moving clocks like this is now done in some countries across the world, but many still don't do this. What do people think of it? Many people have different opinions about whether we should change our clocks like this. Some think having BST is a good thing because it saves energy, by making better use of natural daylight, and helps to reduce traffic accidents.

Others don't like it because they argue that it doesn't actually save any energy, and it can make it darker when children are going to school in the morning, which can be dangerous. They also think it is not very good for our health. to see how much you've remembered about this! Sunday marks the time of the year many of us hate Б when we set the clocks back, cutting the evening hours short and making our after-work commute dark and depressing. At 2 a. m. EST Sunday, Americans will set clocks back an hour to mark the end of Daylight Saving Time, which officially began on March 12 this year. Why we turn clocks back Founding father was the first to develop the concept when he penned the essay БAn Economical Project for Diminishing the Cost of Light,Б suggesting that people will save money on candle wax when they get up earlier, LiveScience reports. But the idea didnБt take off until 1907 when William Willett introduced Б,Б also known as Daylight Saving Time, National Geographic reported. Like FranklinБs idea, WillettБs was focused on adding more morning hours during daylight. Willett is, BBC News reported. In ColdplayБs hit song БClocks,Б thereБs a hidden reference in the opening lyrics about Daylight Saving Time, saying Бthe lights go out and I can't be saved.

Б WillettБs idea to set the clocks backwards in 1907, during World War I as a way to conserve energy by using less coal, National Geographic reported. Eventually, England, the U. S. and several other countries fighting the Germans implemented Daylight Saving Time. But do we still need Daylight Saving Time? Many people have criticized that Daylight Saving Time is unnecessary because itБs questionable, according to National Geographic. Two states and several territories donБt follow Daylight Saving Time, including Arizona, Hawaii, Puerto Rico, the Virgin islands, American Samoa, Guam and the Northern Mariana Island. Recently, a state representative in Maine proposed for the state of, The Weather Channel reports. Those in favor of the bill said early sunsets are bad for business and that changing the clocks doesnБt help save money in the New England area. Others against Daylight Saving Time argue that that itБs also a safety hazard to alter your body clocks. Several recent studies have shown a in the days following Daylight Saving Time changes, U. S. News and World reports. Less than, according to Time and Date.

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