why do we gain weight before period

Throughout your menstrual cycle, hormone levels fluctuate. Particularly severe changes occur during the one or two weeks before your period begins. As a result, you might experience premenstrual syndrome. Women who have PMS experience stronger than average hormonal changes, and those changes can lead to a variety of symptoms such as bloating, food cravings, increased appetite, stress, fatigue, irritability and anxiety. Some of these changes can lead to weight gain. Two types of temporary weight gain occur during PMS: bloating and water retention. The hormonal changes in your body cause your flesh to retain more water than average. Even if you havenБt consumed extra calories or added fat to your body, you may weigh a few more pounds than normal. Some people call this water-weight gain bloating, but the University of Maryland Medical Center notes that bloating also involves swelling in the stomach area caused by extra gas in your digestive system, which is yet another effect of hormonal changes.


Because bloating and water retention are symptoms of PMS, they both stop when your period begins. The hormonal changes that occur before your period cause both symptoms; hence, when your hormones begin returning to normal, the gas in your intestines begins fading and your body stops retaining water. Hence, as WeightWatchers explains, БAny weight that is gained is lost around the time of menstruation. Б
Hormonal changes can also cause heightened appetite, cause you to feel hungrier than usual and lead to increase in calorie consumption. Additionally, many people eat when they are stressed, irritable, tired or anxious. Because PMS hormones can cause or intensify these feelings, you might eat for emotional reasons more than usual. Binge eating, focusing on unhealthful foods or simply consuming more calories than you burn during this time can cause permanent weight gain. Drink plenty of liquids because it keeps your body from retaining water.


Ingesting water keeps the water flowing through your system. Eat complex carbohydrates, such as whole grains, to stabilize your urge to eat. Minimize your salt intake, which induces or exacerbates bloating. Avoid alcohol, which slows your metabolism and can increase emotional eating. Sleep eight hours every night, and exercise daily. Exercise can reduce bloating because sweating helps release the extra water your body is retaining. Eating calcium-rich foods or even taking a calcium supplement can ease your cravings and help prevent bloating, according to Brown University. Diuretics can also prevent bloating and water retention. According to WeightWatchers, most women donБt overeat much before or during menstruation. Also, your metabolism can increase slightly during this time, compensating for a small increase in calorie intake. Nevertheless, if you experience strong hunger cravings, carefully watch what you consume.


Eat multiple small meals throughout the day to reduce cravings. Focus on whole grains, fruits and vegetables. Avoid high-carb, sweet foods. The menstrual cycle is different for all women; some notice no changes at all before their periods, while others feel tired and irritable, and may even gain weight. If you fall in the weight-gaining category, don't despair. Any added pounds are only temporary, and some lifestyle changes can help you reduce the bloating significantly. Just before menstruation, estrogen levels spike, which can cause your body to retain water. You could gain several pounds of water weight during this time, but you will lose it in the next few days. If the water retention bothers you, avoid foods and beverages that contribute to bloating such as salt, sugar and alcohol. Also drink plenty of water and eat water-rich foods, such as fruits, vegetables and broth-based soups, which will help your body expel more water naturally.

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