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why do we celebrate thanksgiving in november

Thanksgiving Day is a national holiday in the,Pwith its roots in a celebration of the annual harvest. When is Thanksgiving Day? Fourth Thursday of November. In the US, Thanksgiving Day is celebrated every year on the fourth Thursday of November. This year, it falls on Thursday, November 23. President Abraham Lincoln was the first US president to officially declare the festival as the last Thursday in November. The date was set in stone by President Franklin D Roosevelt in 1939 and approved by Congress in 1941. International celebration. Thanksgiving is also celebrated in, Grenada, the Philippines, Saint Lucia, Liberia and the Netherlands. Black Friday. P
Friday after Thanksgiving kickstarts the Christmas shopping season with promotional sales. P The day after Thanksgiving was called "Black Friday" in a 1951 journal referring to workers calling in sick in order to have a four-day Thanksgiving weekend. itPcalled Thanksgiving? Blessing of the harvest. P It began as a day where people took the opportunity of giving thanks for the blessing of the harvest and of the preceding year. In the US, the celebration is often recognised as an event that took place when English colonists held a feast to thank Native Americans for helping them start new lives in the US. "The First Thanksgiving" was celebrated after their first harvest in October 1621. The feast lasted three days. Five letters to five US presidents. After a long campaign, Sarah Joseph Hale, editor of Godey's Lady Book - a colonial women's magazine - is credited with making Thanksgiving a national holiday in the US. P In support of the proposed national holiday, Hale wrote letters to five Ppresidents of the US. The letter she wrote to Lincoln convinced him to support legislation establishing a national holiday of thanksgiving in 1863.


You may have observed that, for some years past, there has been an increasing interest felt in our land to have the Thanksgiving held on the same day, in all the States; it now needs National recognition and authoritative fixation, only, to become permanently, an American custom and institution," she wrote. Before Thanksgiving Day, the only national holidays celebrated in the US wereP Independence Day. National day of Mourning. P From the perspective of many, the holiday symbolises centuries of land seizure and the erosion of tribal cultures. protest group accuses the US and European settlers of fabricating the Thanksgiving story, and, since 1970, the group has organised aP Pprotest on the day. Why is it celebrated with turkey? Hamilton's turkey. in the US precedes Lincoln's nationalisation of the holiday in 1863. In the 19th century, Pproclaimed that no "Citizen of the United States should refrain from turkey on Thanksgiving Day. " Some give credit to Hale, whose accounts emphasised a roast turkey and eventually became the model for the festivities. Others believe the birds were chosen because they are large enough to feed many people, and they don't serve a purpose like laying eggs or making milk. More than 50 million turkeys are served in the US every year for Thanksgiving. Pardon tradition. P Dating back to at least 1947, US presidents were gifted with turkeys at Thanksgiving. These turkeys were usually eaten. Ronald Reagan was the first president to "pardon" a turkey, in 1987. His successor, George HW Bush, made the pardoning ceremony into a White House tradition from 1989 onwards. Why do Americans celebrate Thanksgiving Day? See this page in: any Americans think of Thanksgiving as a wonderful time to celebrate getting out of school for a long weekend, and eating a great dinner.


Or, maybe they think it is the start of the Christmas holiday season. What is the real meaning behind Thanksgiving? Catherine Millard writes: We can trace this historic American Christian tradition to the year 1623. After the harvest crops were gathered in November 1623, Governor William Bradford of the 1620 Pilgrim Colony, БPlymouth PlantationБ in Plymouth, Massachusetts proclaimed: All ye Pilgrims with your wives and little ones, do gather at the Meeting House, on the hillБ there to listen to the pastor, and render Thanksgiving to the Almighty God for all His blessings. This is the origin of our annual Thanksgiving Day celebration. Congress of the United States has proclaimed National Days of Thanksgiving to Almighty God many times throughout the following years. On November 1, 1777, by order of Congress, the first National Thanksgiving Proclamation was proclaimed, and signed by Henry Laurens, President of Continental Congress. The third Thursday of December, 1777 was thus officially set aside: Бfor solemn thanksgiving and praise. That with one heart and one voice the good people may express the grateful feelings of their hearts, and consecrate themselves to the service of their Divine Benefactor ;Б and their humble and earnest supplication that it may please God, through the merits of Jesus Christ, mercifully to forgive and them (their manifold sins) out of remembrance Б That it may please HimБ to take schools and seminaries of education, so necessary for cultivating the principles of true liberty, virtue and piety under His nurturing hand, and to prosper the means of religion for the promotion and enlargement of that kingdom which consisteth of 'righteousness, peace and joy in the Holy Ghost'Б Then again, on January 1, 1795, our first United States President, George Washington, wrote his famed National Thanksgiving Proclamation, in which he says that it isБ Бour duty as a people, with devout reverence and affectionate gratitude, to acknowledge our many and great obligations to Almighty God, and to implore Him to continue isБ our duty as a people, with devout reverence and affectionate gratitude, to acknowledge our many and great obligations to Almighty God, and to implore Him to continue and confirm the blessings we experienced Thursday, the 19th day of February, 1795 was thus set aside by George Washington as a National Day of Thanksgiving.


Many years later, on October 3, 1863, Abraham Lincoln, by Act of Congress, an annual National Day of Thanksgiving on the last Thursday of November, as a day of Thanksgiving and Praise to our beneficent Father who dwelleth in the heavens. In this Thanksgiving proclamation, our 16th President says that it isБ Бannounced in the Holy Scriptures and proven by all history, that those nations are blessed whose God is the LordБ But we have forgotten God. We have forgotten the gracious hand which preserved us in peace and multiplied and enriched and strengthened us, and we have vainly imagined, by the deceitfulness of our hearts, that all these blessings were produced by some superior wisdom and virtue of our own Б It has seemed to me fit and proper that God should be solemnly, reverently and gratefully acknowledged, as with one heart and one voice, by the whole American peopleБ So it is that on Thanksgiving Day each year, Americans give thanks to Almighty God for all His blessings and mercies toward us throughout the year.

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