why do we fast on the 17th of tammuz

Пост Семнадцатого тамуза P, установленный в
о несчастьях, которые постигли 17-го числа месяца. Традиция сообщает, что 17, в конце, послал на землю голубя из ковчега посмотреть, ушли ли воды. И голубь не нашел пристанища для своей ноги ( ). Так же и, который уподобляется в Торе голубю, не может найти себе пристанища в этот суровый день. 17 Тамуза еврейские мудрецы постановили поститься из-за многих несчастий, постигших еврейский народ в этот день. были разбиты первые, когда спустился с и увидел при разрушении прекратилось ежедневное, так как в дни разрушения были пробиты стены в Святилище Храма был помещен.


Если 17 тамуза выпадает на, то пост переносится на следующий деньP 18 тамуза. The fast of Tammuz, according to 's interpretation, is the fast mentioned in the as "the fast of the fourth [month]" ( ). This refers to Tammuz, which is the fourth month of the. According to the ( ), five calamities befell the Jewish people on this day: The daily During the, the city walls were breached (proceeding to the destruction of the Prior to, Roman military leader burned a An idol was erected in the Temple.


The ( 28b) places the second and fifth tragedies in the period, while dating the third tragedy (breach of Jerusalem's walls) to the Second Temple period. The walls of Jerusalem during the First Temple, on the other hand, were breached on the 9th of Tammuz (cf. 39. 2, 52. 67). However, the ( IV, 5) states that the breach of Jerusalem in the First Temple occurred on 17th Tammuz as well; the text in Jeremiah 39 is explained by stating that the Biblical record was "distorted", apparently due to the troubled times.


The Seventeenth of Tammuz occurs forty days after the of. ascended on Shavuot and remained there for forty days. The Children of Israel made the on the afternoon of the sixteenth of Tammuz when it seemed that Moses was not coming down when promised. Moses descended the next day (forty days by his count), saw that the were violating many of the laws he had received from God, and smashed the tablets.

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