why do the meek inherit the earth
While Matthew 5:5 echoes Psalm 37:11, it's not obvious that they have the same horizons, so I will take them one at a time and then offer a summary. Psalm 37:11 A canonical reading of Psalm 37:11 places the verse in the context of a number of Psalms about David (essentially 3-41). Psalm 37 itself is marked as "Of David" indicating that the primary referent should be David. Moreover, Psalm 37 contains strong overtones of Psalms 1 and 2. The author is waiting for the wicked to blow away like chaff (cf. 37:1-2, 1:4). The wicked meanwhile are plotting to overthrow the king, but God laughs at them (cf. 37:12-13, 2:1-4). So when we read "The meek shall inherit the land/earth", we should have two contexts in mind:
First, the ascription on Psalm 37 means that we should have in mind the context of the Davidic covenant where the rule over Israel having peace in the land was promised to David and his son (see 2 Samuel 7:8-11). In this context, "land" in Psalm 37:11 refers to the land of Israel promised first to Abraham. But second, because of the connection with Psalm 2 and the Davidide, we should also keep the programmatic context of Psalms 1 and 2 in mind. In doing so we should let the promise in 2:8 take its full effect, where the son of David is told "Ask of me and I will make the nations your inheritance, the ends of the earth your possession. " In other words, in Psalm 37:11 the "land" should also be read in light of this promise of the ends of the earth as a possession. Matthew 5:5 Again, in Matthew 5:5, we should not let a single context control the meaning or we might needlessly narrow our interpretation. The echo of Psalm 37:11 is certainly one context for Matthew 5:5. It propels us to think of the earth/land in terms of the land promised to Abraham. There are a number of other contexts that point in the same direction. John Nolland (NIGTC) notes, for example: The interest in 4:25 in the scope of historic Israel. and the evocation of exile and return in the opening beatitudes weigh in favour of Matthews also intending c to refer to Israel as the land of covenant promise.
But there is another context as well to consider. Jonathan Pennington argues for the theme of heaven and earth as a key interpretive element in the Gospel of Matthew. Consider the following sample of verses (ESV): 6:10-11 Do not lay up for yourselves treasures on earth. But lay up for yourselves treasures in heaven. 16:19 I will give you the keys of the kingdom of heaven, and whatever you bind on earth shall be bound in heaven, and whatever you loose on earth shall be loosed in heaven. 23:9 And call no man your father on earth, for you have one Father, who is heaven. 6:10 Your kingdom come, your will be done, on earth as it is in heaven. 28:18 And Jesus can and said to them, "All authority in heaven and on earth has been given to me. " We see in the prayer the kingdom of heaven coming to earth. And we see in the commission that all authority in heaven and earth was given to one man. Matthew highlights for a time the differences between the kingdom of heaven and the kingdoms of the earth, but the eschatological end of his gospel is that the kingdom of heaven is come to earth. With this context, a reading of Matthew 5:5 in parallel with 5:3 and 5:10 and the promise of the kingdom of heaven, the statement that the meek will inherit the earth expands beyond the land of Israel to the kingdom of heaven come to earth. Summary Thoughts On one horizon, the inheritance of the land in Psalm 37:11 pertains to a physical possession of the land of Israel by the Davidic king (possibly even David himself). But on another horizon, it also looks forward to the Davidic son's rule over the nations. The beatitude in Matthew, however, is not pertaining to a literal referent, but a spiritual one in keeping with Matthew's distinction between the kingdom of heaven and the kingdoms of the earth. This is the case whether we are reading c as meaning the "land" or the "earth. " It brings in tones from these two ideas, but it reinterprets them in a spiritual way.
Finally, assuming that your question about the relationship between Jerusalem and this earth stems from a reading of Revelation 21, I'd encourage a second look at that passage. The heavenly city - the new Jerusalem - is also called the bride of the Lamb. And it is coming down from heaven to earth. Or in Matthew's terms: it is the kingdom of heaven being brought to the earth. Nolland, John. (2005). Preface. In The Gospel of Matthew: A Commentary on the Greek text (p. 202). Grand Rapids, MI; Carlisle: W. B. Eerdmans; Paternoster Press. See As one of the most famous of Beatitudes, the meek shall inherit the earth The title of a song ("The Meek Shall Inherit"), and the overall theme, [ of the The title of a song on the album The songs "Visions of the Night" and "Walking in your Footsteps" by each contain the line, "They say the meek shall inherit the earth" The theme of the album An episode of the 's Midnight of the Desert contains a discussion of this verse by the characters as does 's. A rendering of the Beatitudes in 1979 film includes the verse - "How blest are those of gentle spirit. They shall have the earth for their possession. " Don Pendleton's, when reminded that the "meek shall inherit the earth", replied, "Only after the violent have tamed it. " A line rapped by in the song " " from. A line spoken by Rev. David Marshall Lee in the play. A line in the song "The Geek" by German band. The song "Blessed", from their album. "Try not to forget that the meek inherit earth" is a quote from Staind's song, " ". A line in the song "Anything for Jah" by Easy Dub All-Stars. In the episode of, "The meek shall inherit the Earth" was used as the end quote. Welsh Indie Band has a song titled "Blessed are the Meek" on their 1992 album. A line in the song "The Grind Date" by from their album.
The title of a poem by. Title of 1980s album by jazz saxophonist. In the song "1000 More Fools" by in their album. Comedian describes a scenario in his show, in which the meek conclude that it's about time they actually did inherit the earth, and proceed to do so in an organised, armed revolution. The poem "Mushrooms" by contains the lines "we are meek. we shall by morning, inherit the earth. " The episode " " contain the following line in a deleted scene, spoken by Mal Reynolds encouraging Saffron to act decisively: "More than 70 earths spinnin' about the galaxy, and the meek have inherited not a one. " In the 1989 film, John Keating ( ) says to the character Stephen Meeks "Mr. Meeks, time to inherit the earth". once quoted "The meek shall inherit the earth, but not the mineral rights. " Used in the episode " ". Was spoken by Pridcilla Lapham portrayed by Luana Patten in the 1957 movie Johnny Tremain Referenced to in the song "Ready Or Not" from rapper Meek Mill's Dreamchasers 2 mixtape: "The meek shall inherit the earth, so I'mma own this bitch till I'm buried in dirt. " Spoken by the High Lama in the film Lost Horizon (1937). novel, They Shall Inherit the Earth (1935). The band Creature Feature used the line "The Meek Shall Inherit The Earth" as a song title. The opening lyrics to the song "Valley of Death" off of rapper 's 2009 album are "The meek shall inherit the earth, that's what the bible says" In the episode " " (as Troy Barnes) raps a rhymed variation of the verse, beginning with "Blessed be the peacemakers, word to the meek / The kingdom of heaven is open all week" as a gesture to his devout Christian friend, Shirley Bennett ( ). In the " " song "Victory Dance" from the album (2011), the lyrics state "Power, hey do you know how it works / Hey do you know that the meek, They shall inherit the earth". In, a daily quest is named "The Meek Shall Inherit". The band has a song called "Inherit the Earth" on their 2016 album.
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