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why do they call marines devil dogs

: The nickname Leatherneck has become
a universal moniker for a U. S. Marine. The term originated from the
wide and stiff leather neck-piece that was part of the Marine Corps
uniform from 1798 until 1872. This leather collar, called
The Stock, was roughly four inches high and had two purposes. In combat, it protected the neck and jugular vein from cutlasses slashes. On parade, it kept a Marine's head erect. The term is so widespread that it has become the name of the Marine Corps Association monthly magazine, LEATHERNECK. Around 1900, members of the U. S. Navy began using Gyrene as a jocular derogatory reference to U. S. Marines. Instead of being insulted, the Marines loved it. The term became common by World War I and has been extensively used since that time.

For roughly 50 years, sailors had little luck in their effort to insult Marines by calling them Gyrenes. So, during World War II sailors began referring to Marines as Jarheads. Presumably the high collar on the Marine Dress Blues uniform made a Marine's head look like it was sticking out of the top of a Mason jar. Marines were not insulted. Instead, they embraced the new moniker as a term of utmost respect. The German Army coined this term of respect for U. S. Marines during World War I. In the summer of 1918 the German Army was driving toward Paris. The French Army was in full retreat. In a desperate effort to save Paris, the newly arrived U. S. Marines were thrown into the breach. In June 1918, in bitter fighting lasting for weeks, Marines repeatedly repulsed the Germans in Belleau Wood.

The German drive toward Paris sputtered, fizzled, and died. Then the Marines attacked and swept the Germans back out of Belleau Wood. Paris had been saved. The tide of war had turned. Five months later Germany would be forced to accept an armistice. The battle tenacity and fury of the U. S. Marines had stunned the Germans. In their official reports they called the Marines teufel hunden, meaning Devil Dogs, the ferocious mountain dogs of Bavarian folklore. A traditional and functional term for Marines, dating back to the British in the 1600's Devil Dog is a motivational nickname for a U. S. Marine. It is said by US Marines to be based on the use of Teufel Hunde by German soldiers to describe Marines fighting in World War I. According to United States Marine Corps legend, the moniker was used by German soldiers to describe U. S. Marines who fought in the Battle of Belleau Wood in 1918.

The Marines fought with such ferocity that they were likened to Dogs from Hell. The Devil Dogs nickname for Marines first appeared in newspapers in the United States in April 1918 в about two months before the Battle of Belleau Wood. The LaCrosse Tribune ran a story about the nickname on April 27, 1918, and other newspapers used the story as early as April 14, 1918. The Battle of Belleau Wood began on June 1, 1918. The April 27th article from the LaCrosse Tribune was probably referring to the action on April 20, 1918, the first action between the Marines and the Germans.

The Germans made several attacks against the Marines on that date and were unable to dislodge them. The article states that it was the first scrap between the Marines and the Germans, showing that it was prior to the major fighting in June. Here is an excerpt from that article: вThe term Devil Dog has its origins at Belleau Wood. It was in a dispatch from the German front lines to their higher headquarters explaining the current battle conditions that described the fighting abilities of the new, fresh Americans as fighting like Teufel Hunden or Hounds from Hell. -Wikipedia. com This weekend celebrate the US Marine Corp. and use the original German wording of the nick name of these brave soldiers to gain access to the rx. #TeufelHunden

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