why do we celebrate labor day in america

As summer draws to a close and schools prepare to open their doors again, Labor Day comes around like a sweet salve to workers in the United States. Celebrated on the first Monday in September, Labor Day is one of just 10 federal holidays in the United States and pays tribute toбthe American workers movement. But while it is celebrated in modern times with BBQs, holidays and sales shopping, the holiday has a bloody history and came out of a long battle for workersБ rights in the country. What does Labor Day celebrate? According to the U. S. , the holiday is Бa creation of the labor movement and is dedicated to the social and economic achievements of American workers. Б Labor Day is a Бyearly national tributeБ to the Бcontributions workers have made to the strength, prosperity and wellbeing of our country. Б
In practice, all government offices and organizations are closed, while many private businesses also shut for the day to enable workers to mark the occasion with their families. When was the first Labor Day? Workers in New York City celebrated the first Labor Day on September 5, 1882, with a parade organized by trade unions. It was overseen by the Central Labor Union (CLU), a left-wing union that later broke up into local organizations that are members of the modern American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations (AFL-CIO). But while the first rally was held in New York, Oregon was the first stateб to institute Labor Day as a holiday, passing legislation to that effect in 1887. Over the following seven years, some 30 states made it aб holiday. In 1894, the U. S. Congress voted unanimously to approve Labor Day as a national holiday, and President Grover Cleveland signed it into law. Who created Labor Day? There is some dispute over the foundation of the holiday, according to the Department of Labor. Some records attest to Peter J. McGuire, the general secretary of the Brotherhood of Carpenters and Joiners and a cofounder of the American Federation of Labor, was the first to propose a holiday in honor of workers. The holiday, McGuire said, should honor those Бwho from rude nature have delved and carved all the grandeur we behold. Б But other historians propose that another man, Matthew Maguire, a machinist, was the founder of the holiday.


According to some research, Maguire proposed the holiday while serving as secretary of the CLU in New York. WhatБs the history behind Labor Day? The holiday evolved out of decades of tensions between workers and unions on one side, and state security forces and employers on the other. During the last two decades of the 1800s, workers carried out some 37,000 strikes in the United States; and between 1870 and 1914, up to 800 American workers were killed during strikes, almost entirely by state security forces or the military, the Washington Post reported, citing historian Edward T. OБConnell. Bay Area Rapid Transit workers carry signs as they picket in front of the Lake Merritt BART station on the first day of the BART strike in Oakland, California, on October 18, 2013. The tensions culminated in, during which workers for railcar manufacturers the Pullman Company in Chicago went on strike after their wages were cut by almost 30 percent, but the rents and prices at company-owned accommodation and stores remained static. The strike was backed by other unionsБthe nationwide American Railroad Union pulled its members from trains that had Pullman CarsБand a total of 125,000 workers on 29 railroads quit rather than handle Pullman cars, according to. The strike came to a bloody head when the federal government sent in the military to enforce a court injunction against the strike; the riots resulted in 30 deaths and $80 million worth of damages. Just six days after the end of the strike, President Cleveland signed the bill that made Labor Day a national holiday, in an apparent bid to appease workers. How do Americans celebrate Labor Day? In the spirit of the founders, Labor Day is still celebrated with union-organized parades, colorful festivals and parties and picnics. Many use the last days of summer as an opportunity to have a BBQ with friends, while others use it for a last-minute getaway: the holiday is associated with heavy congestion on roads and at airports. Less so in the spirit of the founders, Labor Day has also become something of a festival of. Many shops and online retail outlets hold week-long БLabor DayБ sales and the holiday has become one of the biggest sale days in the United States. node-type-article. article-body > p:last-of-type::after,. node-type-slideshow. article-body > p:last-of-type::after{content:none} Labor Day, the first Monday in September, is a creation of the labor movement and is dedicated to the social and economic achievements of American workers.


It constitutes a yearly national tribute to the contributions workers have made to the strength, prosperity, and well-being of our country. Through the years the nation gave increasing emphasis to Labor Day. The first governmental recognition came through municipal ordinances passed during 1885 and 1886. From these, a movement developed to secure state legislation. The first state bill was introduced into the New York legislature, but the first to become law was passed by Oregon on February 21, 1887. During the year four more states в Colorado, Massachusetts, New Jersey, and New York в created the Labor Day holiday by legislative enactment. By the end of the decade Connecticut, Nebraska, and Pennsylvania had followed suit. By 1894, 23 other states had adopted the holiday in honor of workers, and on June 28 of that year, Congress passed an act making the first Monday in September of each year a legal holiday in the District of Columbia and the territories. More than 100 years after the first Labor Day observance, there is still some doubt as to who first proposed the holiday for workers. Some records show that Peter J. McGuire, general secretary of the Brotherhood of Carpenters and Joiners and a cofounder of the American Federation of Labor, was first in suggesting a day to honor those "who from rude nature have delved and carved all the grandeur we behold. " But Peter McGuire's place in Labor Day history has not gone unchallenged. Many believe that Matthew Maguire, a machinist, not Peter McGuire, founded the holiday. Recent research seems to support the contention that Matthew Maguire, later the secretary of Local 344 of the International Association of Machinists in Paterson, N. J. , proposed the holiday in 1882 while serving as secretary of the Central Labor Union in New York. What is clear is that the Central Labor Union adopted a Labor Day proposal and appointed a committee to plan a demonstration and picnic.


The first Labor Day holiday was celebrated on Tuesday, September 5, 1882, in New York City, in accordance with the plans of the Central Labor Union. The Central Labor Union held its second Labor Day holiday just a year later, on September 5, 1883. In 1884 the first Monday in September was selected as the holiday, as originally proposed, and the Central Labor Union urged similar organizations in other cities to follow the example of New York and celebrate a "workingmen's holiday" on that date. The idea spread with the growth of labor organizations, and in 1885 Labor Day was celebrated in many industrial centers of the country. The form that the observance and celebration of Labor Day should take was outlined in the first proposal of the holiday в a street parade to exhibit to the public "the strength and esprit de corps of the trade and labor organizations" of the community, followed by a festival for the recreation and amusement of the workers and their families. This became the pattern for the celebrations of Labor Day. Speeches by prominent men and women were introduced later, as more emphasis was placed upon the economic and civic significance of the holiday. Still later, by a resolution of the American Federation of Labor convention of 1909, the Sunday preceding Labor Day was adopted as Labor Sunday and dedicated to the spiritual and educational aspects of the labor movement. The character of the Labor Day celebration has undergone a change in recent years, especially in large industrial centers where mass displays and huge parades have proved a problem. This change, however, is more a shift in emphasis and medium of expression. Labor Day addresses by leading union officials, industrialists, educators, clerics and government officials are given wide coverage in newspapers, radio, and television. The vital force of labor added materially to the highest standard of living and the greatest production the world has ever known and has brought us closer to the realization of our traditional ideals of economic and political democracy. It is appropriate, therefore, that the nation pay tribute on Labor Day to the creator of so much of the nation's strength, freedom, and leadership в the American worker.

  • Views: 46

why do we have child labor laws
why do we have labor day holiday
why do we do business with china
why is there a bank holiday in may
why was the chinese exclusion act important
why is it hard to find a job these days
why do we have labor day holiday