why do we celebrate independence day india
Independence Day in India is celebrated annually on August 15. It is a national holiday that marks India s independence from British rule. On August 15, 1947, United Kingdom Parliament passed the Indian Independence Act 1947 and thus transferred the legislative sovereignty to the Indian Constituent Assembly. Queen Elizabeth II s father King George VI remained the head of the state till the transition of India to a full Republican Constitution was completed. The country attained freedom following the struggle for independence that was marked by its non-violent character and helmed by the father of the nation Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi. India was ruled by the British for two centuries. The struggle against foreign rule had its beginnings from as far back as in 1857 when the first movement for Independence took place against the rule of the British East India Company. It began in the form of a mutiny by sepoys and the movement was later called by various names including India s First War of Independence, Indian Mutiny, Great Rebellion, and Revolt of 1857.
The rebellion was unsuccessful and it came to an end soon. The suppression of this struggle marked a formal end of the Mughal empire in India. Mahatma Gandhi played a big role in helping the country attain freedom from British Raj. A series of nationwide people s movements of non-violent resistance and civil disobedience led by him along with the leaders of the Indian National
(INC) started in 1920 and it was called the non-cooperation movement. Following the conclusion of the World War II in the year 1946, Prime Minister Clement Attlee in 1947 announced that the British government would grant full self-governance to British India by June 1948 at the latest. India attained Independence on August 15, 1947 and Jawaharlal Nehru became its first Prime Minister. The date of Indian independence also coincides with the partition of the country, after which British India was divided into India and Pakistan.
January 26 was being celebrated as the Independence day by Congress party after Congress President Jawaharlal Nehru called for total independence from the British ruleб in 1929. The celebration continued till India attained Independence and January 26, 1950, was chosen as the Republic Day. The story of how БAugust 15Б was chosen as Independence Day is quite fascinating. Read on to know. After the World War II, the British were weakened monetarily and militarily. The British Parliament gave Lord Mountbatten the task to transfer the power by June 30, 1948. He advanced the date to August 1947 and claimed that by advancing the date there will not be bloodshed or riot. He was quoted saying, БWherever colonial rule has ended, there has been bloodshed. That is the price you payБ. On July 4, 1947, Indian Independence Bill was introduced in the British House of Commons and was passed within 15 days.
In the bill, it was mentioned that the British rule in India would end on August 15, 1947. When Mountbatten was asked about the date, he said, БThe date I chose came out of the blue. I chose it in reply to a question. I was determined to show I was master of the whole event. When they asked had we set a date, I knew it had to be soon. I hadnБt worked it out exactly then Б I thought it had to be about August or September and I then went out to the 15th August. Why? Because it was the second anniversary of JapanБs surrender. Б HereБs a little context about JapanБs surrender. On August 15, 1945, in a recorded radio address Japanese Emperor Hirohito announced the surrender of Japan to the Allies. Mountbatten, the Supreme Allied Commander of South-East Asia, accepted and signed the surrender of Singapore on September 4, 1945.
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