why do they call it black friday

Why Do We Call It БBlack FridayБ? A Black Friday promotion at an H M store in Tyler, Texas. The term didnБt always denote commercial excess. Chelsea Purgahn/Tyler Morning Telegraph, via Associated Press
The word БblackБ in front of a day of the week has almost never meant anything good. was the sell-off the day before the stock market crash of 1929, as well as the day of an even bigger crash in 1987. Black Wednesday was used to refer to a day of widespread air traffic snarls in 1954, as well as the day the British government was forced to withdraw a battered pound from the European Exchange Rate Mechanism in 1992. Black Thursday has variously been used to describe days of devastating brush fires, bombings and athletic defeats, among other unpleasantness. So how is it that the term Black Friday has come almost universally to denote joyous commercial excess, stupendous deals and big profits on the day when people head out to shop for the holidays after Thanksgiving? It wasnБt always this way. The New York Times first used the term to refer to the day the gold market collapsed the year before.


Ben Zimmer, executive producer of, who has researched and written about the term, says its association with shopping the day after Thanksgiving began in Philadelphia in the 1960s Б and even then, the reference wasnБt positive. The local police took to calling the day Black Friday because they had to deal with bad traffic and other miseries connected to the throngs of shoppers heading for the stores. Needless to say, that usage didnБt sit well with local retailers. They tried, according to Mr. Zimmer, to give the day a more positive name: Big Friday. That did not take, but eventually retailers Б in Philadelphia and beyond Б managed to spin a new connotation: The day the books went from red ink to black. Most consumers probably donБt know Б and donБt care Б about any of this. They want deals. The rebranding of Black Friday has been so successful that others have tried to spread the wealth across multiple days of the week as the holiday shopping season has grown ever more competitive. In 2005, was introduced as the day online retailers offered big savings to holiday shoppers.


In 2010, American Express came up with to encourage people to shop (presumably with their Amex cards) at independent local businesses the day after Black Friday. And as retailers begin their holiday promotions earlier and earlier, there have even been efforts to change the name of the day before Black Friday to Gray, Brown or Black Thursday. But for most Americans, it will forever be. After the has been eaten, the games have been watched and is fully under way, millions of Americans turn to another holiday tradition: planning their Black Friday shopping. That's right! It's the day after, and that means it's time to. Black Friday Б the day after in the United States Б signals the beginning of the holiday shopping season. Although it's not an official holiday, millions of employers give their employees the day off, and many people use that day to get a jump-start on their holiday shopping. Black Friday has become a in recent years. Since 2005, it has been the busiest shopping day of the year. To lure shoppers, retailers open their doors very early in the morning (and in some cases, Thanksgiving evening! ) and offer special sales and to the shoppers that arrive early.


Some of the special deals offered by stores are only available in limited. That is why some shoppers on getting the best deals often camp out in front of stores overnight so that they'll be the first in line when the doors open. But why Black Friday? There are a couple of explanations of how this name came about. Historians believe the name started in Philadelphia in the mid-1960s. Bus drivers and police used БBlack Friday" to describe the heavy that would city streets the day after Thanksgiving as shoppers headed to the stores. Businesses, however, didn't like the associated with the Black Friday name. In the early 1980s, a more positive explanation of the name began to. According to this alternative explanation, Black Friday is the day when retailers finally begin to turn a for the year. In accounting terms, operating at a loss (losing money) is called being because accountants traditionally used red ink to show amounts (losses).


Positive amounts (profits) were usually shown in black ink. Thus, being Бin the black" is a good thing because it means stores are operating at a (making money). Regardless of when a turns a for the year, it's clear that Black Friday is a very important day for most retailers. Some retailers are indeed dependent on holiday shopping to turn a for the year. For others, it's a day when they definitely make bigger-than-usual profits Б and that's a lot of black ink! The recent popularity of Black Friday has spawned a couple new shopping holidays: Monday and. For those who are too busy to on Black Friday Б or who just don't want to fight the crowds Б the Monday following Black Friday has become known as Monday for the many online deals that shoppers can take advantage of from the comfort of their homes. #GivingTuesday was established in 2012 as a day of generosity and philanthropy. On the Tuesday following Thanksgiving, individuals, organizations and communities celebrate and encourage giving to charities and those in need. What a WONDERful way to celebrate the holidays!

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